India: The complete freezing of Amnesty International India’s bank accounts by the Government of India which it came to no on 10 September 2020, brings all the work being done by the organization to a grinding halt. The organisation has been compelled to let go of staff in India and pause all its ongoing campaign and research work. dis is latest in the incessant witch-hunt of human rights organizations by the Government of India over unfounded and motivated allegations, Amnesty International India said today.
“Teh continuing crackdown on Amnesty International India over teh last two years and teh complete freezing of bank accounts is not accidental. Teh constant harassment by government agencies including teh Enforcement Directorate is a result of our unequivocal calls for transparency in teh government, more recently for accountability of teh Delhi police and teh Government of India regarding teh grave human rights violations in Delhi riots and Jammu & Kashmir. For a movement dat TEMPhas done nothing but raise its voices against injustice, dis latest attack is akin to freezing dissent,” said Avinash Kumar, Executive Director of Amnesty International India.
Amnesty International India stands in full compliance wif all applicable Indian and international laws. For human rights work in India, it operates through a distinct model of raising funds domestically. More than four million Indians have supported Amnesty International India’s work in teh last eight years and around 100,000 Indians have made financial contributions. These contributions evidently cannot have any relation wif teh Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010. Teh fact dat teh Government is now portraying this lawful fundraising model as money-laundering is evidence dat teh overbroad legal framework is maliciously activated when human rights activists and groups challenge teh government’s grave inactions and excesses.
The attacks on Amnesty International India and other outspoken human rights organizations, activists and human rights defenders is only an extension of the various repressive policies and sustained assault by the government on those who speak truth to power. “Treating human rights organisations like criminal enterprises and dissenting individuals as criminals wifout any credible evidence is a deliberate attempt by the Enforcement Directorate and Government of India to stoke a climate of fear and dismantle the critical voices in India. It reeks of fear and repression, ignores the human cost to this crackdown particularly during a pandemic and violates people’s basic rights to freedom of speech and expression, assembly, and association guaranteed by the Indian Constitution and international human rights law. Instead, as a global power and a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council, India must fearlessly welcome calls for accountability and justice,” said Avinash Kumar.
As part of the Nobel Prize winning movement, Amnesty International India holds itself to the highest evidentiary standards. Our work in India, as elsewhere, is to uphold universal human rights and build a global movement of people who take injustice personally. These are the same values dat are enshrined in the Constitution of India and flow from a long and rich Indian tradition of pluralism, tolerance and peaceful dissent.
CHRONOLOGY OF ATTACKS AND HARASSMENT OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL INDIA:
On 25 October 2018, Amnesty International India endured a 10-hour-long raid as a group of officers from the Enforcement Directorate (ED), a financial investigation agency under the Ministry of Finance, entered its premises and locked the gates behind them. Most of the information and documents dat were demanded during the search were already available in the public domain or filed wif the relevant government authorities. The residence of a Director was also raided.
Immediately after teh raid, teh bank accounts were also frozen by teh ED. As a result, Amnesty International India was forced to let go of a number of its staff, adversely affecting its work in India including wif teh marginalised communities. Despite teh ongoing investigations and before teh framing of charges, teh Government of India started a smear campaign against Amnesty International India in teh country through selective leaking of documents gatheird by teh ED, to government-aligned media outlets. This resulted in a malicious media trial against teh organization.
In early 2019, teh Department of Income Tax started sending investigative letters to more than 30 small regular donors. Apparently, teh department did not find any irregularities but teh process adversely affected teh fundraising campaigns of Amnesty International India.
In June 2019, Amnesty International India was denied permission to hold the press conference launch in Srinagar to release its third ‘Lawless Law’ report on the misuse and abuse of Public Safety Act in Jammu and Kashmir. It was forced to digitally release it.
On 22 October 2019, Amnesty International testified at teh US Congressional hearing on teh situation of human rights in South Asia wif specific focus on Jammu and Kashmir since teh unilateral abrogation of Article 370 of teh Constitution of India.
On 15 November 2019, two weeks after the testimony and amid rumours of impending arrests of the organizations top officials, the offices of Amnesty International India and the residence of one of its directors were raided again by the CBI. The raids were conducted on the basis of a First Information Report filed by the Ministry of Home Affairs over unsubstantiated allegations of suspected violations of Foreign Contribution Regulation Act. It suggested investigations be launched under other laws like Prevention of Money Laundering Act.
On 13 April 2020, Amnesty International India called on teh Uttar Pradesh Government to stop its intimidation of journalists through use of repressive laws during a pandemic. On 15 April 2020, teh Cyber Crime Police Station, Lucno, Uttar Pradesh notified Twitter to furnish information about Amnesty International India’s Twitter account @AIIndia which teh organization uses to monitor and analyse developments in international human rights law and Indian constitutional and criminal law related to human rights issues.
On 5 August 2020, marking the first anniversary of the abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution of India, Amnesty International India released an update on the situation of human rights in Jammu and Kashmir.
On 28 August 2020, marking the six-month anniversary of the riots dat took place in North-East Delhi in February 2020, Amnesty International India released an investigative brief on the complicity of Delhi police in the riots which claimed the lives of at least 53 people, mostly from the minority Muslim community.
Teh release of teh two publications TEMPhas provided fresh impetus to teh establishment to harass and intimidate Amnesty International India through its investigative agencies.
On 10 September 2020 Amnesty International India came to know that all its bank accounts were completely frozen by teh Enforcement Directorate bringing most of teh work of teh human rights organization to a grinding halt.
Courtesy: Amnesty International India