Their immediate problem should be solved by making new law.
By Biru Nepali
Kathmandu: Extremely marginalized communities including Chepang, Bhote, Majhi, Kumal, and Tharu have been living near forests and river banks for generations. These indigenous tribes are especially dependent on forests, water, and land. But since the government introduced the practice of biodiversity conservation, their condition, settlement, and lifestyle have been put at risk.
Due to lack of access to forests and water resources, conflicts are being created at different times between the Chepang along with other communities and wildlife living in the park-protected area and buffer zone.
During the virtual discussion program organized by Jagran Media Center in collaboration with the UNDP’s Parliamentary Support Program on the problems and issues of the people in the affected areas of Chitwan National Park in Bagmati Province, the experts, speakers, and participants have said that the Chepang people living in the buffer zone of the national park have been greatly affected.
After the establishment of the park, People who are relying on the natural resources of Chitwan National Park under Bagmati Pradesh, have seen additional problems and challenges with various laws and regulations related to forest protected areas made by the government to prohibit water, land, and forest-dependent livelihoods.
The protected area in Nepal covers 12 national parks, 1 wildlife reserve, 1 hunting reserve, 6 conservation areas, 13 intermediate areas and occupies about 23.395 (3.4 million hectares) of the country. But in most of the protected areas, the ancestral home of the indigenous group has been established. The ban on parks and protected areas in the area has created major problems for their habitat, survival, and lifestyle.
Speaking at the program, Madhav Prasad Poudel, Chairman of the State Management Committee under Bagmati Pradesh, stressed the need to enact new laws to establish the rights of communities living in park-protected areas.
He stressed the need to formulate an act from the federation to solve the problems of the Chepang community who are living in this area and to protect natural resources such as shared forests and water lands.
He also said that everyone should raise their voice to end the old system of scarcity and problems as the federation has been on one side of the forest till now. “The new act should clarify the responsibilities of the state and local levels in the distribution of natural resources and the protection and management of wildlife”, he added.
Similarly, Constituent Assemblymember and former president of the Chepang Association Govinda Ram Chepang said that the national park has discriminated against Tharu, Kumal, Bhote, Majhi, and Chepang castes who are living in the area around the national park.
He said that the government has discriminated against the indigenous people who cannot survive without water, land, and forest by making rules related to national parks.
Narrating the incidents of Resham Chepang who was shot dead by the National Park in Lothra River in 2068 BS and of Raj Kumar Chepang who was brutally beaten to death in 2077 BS at Saune Sakrantika Vela Vagar and of Dan Bahadur Chepang, Jit Bahadur Chepang and Bishnu Chepang of Madi Municipality-8 of Chitwan whose houses were destroyed by using the elephants and burned under the rules that were made in 2029 BS and the Act of 2052 BS but that were wrong, he said.
He reminded us that about 40 Chepangs have been imprisoned so far in the fake rhino smuggling case to save the smugglers and called for correcting the discriminatory norms and laws and structures established by the law.
Similarly, MP from Bagmati Pradesh Ram Lal Mahato stressed the need to take special initiative to end various conflicts that have arisen between the Chepangs and Nikunj as they have a long-standing relationship.
He argued that the Act, which was enacted in 2029 BS with the emphasis on wildlife during the establishment of Chitwan National Park, was impractical and stressed the need to enact a new type of development-friendly, human-friendly, and wildlife conservation-friendly act.
“As the local government and the state government have no authority over the Chitwan National Park under the federal government, a new law should be enacted again with the participation of local government, consumers, affected people in the central zone and experts”, he said.
Similarly, the federal government should compensate the park-affected communities living in the border areas of Makwanpur and Chitwan, he said, ” to resolve the conflict with Nikunj immediately, the laws and practices of the conflicting intermediate sector should also be amended”.
According to him, the Chepang community is dependent on natural resources. The area spread over Chitwan National Park is inhabited by communities including Bhote, Tharu, and Chepang in the vicinity of Rapti Municipality and Bharatpur Municipality. In order to ensure the rights of Chepangs living in parks and protected areas, policy reforms should be made in the laws and regulations related to buffer zones.
Presenting a concept paper on park-people struggle from the perspective of the Chepang people in Nepal, environmentalist Dr. Yogendra Yadav of Institute of Forestry Hetauda said that most of the protected areas have ancestral habitats of the Adivasi group but they have been displaced due to the establishment of park protection and this has created a big problem in their lives.
He argued that they were discriminated against and exploited because of their weak economic, social and political status and capacity.
He pointed out that the Chepang community had zero representation not only in the state and federal governments but also in political parties from 2064 BS to 2074 BS.
In the experience of Park-People’s Struggle in Nepal, violation of land rights, discrimination against them, the conflict between humans and wildlife, deprivation of participation in conservation areas, wildlife crime, and poaching are the main issues that have arisen conflict between them, he said.
He said that emphasis should be laid on making regional laws and new laws by modifying and amending some of the conflicting laws and regulations made so far to reduce the conflict between humans and wildlife and its impact.
Similarly, Ekal Silwal, an investigative journalist from Chitwan, said that it was a big mistake to evacuate forcibly the indigenous community while establishing the Chitwan National Park. “All facilities should not be restricted to the indigenous groups, including the Chepang, who have relied on natural resources for generations”, he added.
He said that the indifference of the policymakers to maintain human and wildlife and nature-friendly conditions and methods, lack of policy stance, managerial weakness, and unequal distribution of benefits are further damaging the Chepang community in the parks and protected areas. According to him, the government has enacted laws and policies related to forest protected areas to prohibit the way of life in the forests.
Therefore, in order to solve this problem, the structure of protection should be changed with broad thinking instead of such discriminatory policy rules.
He stressed the need for continuous debate, discussion, and lobbying in the media sector, with mature interest from the citizens, sufficient facts, and reasonable arguments.
Stating that such an incident without any alternative arrangement from the place of residence has a great impact on the indigenous community including Chepang, the committee stressed the need to make policy reforms to solve such problems. He complained that it was not appropriate to hand over the discriminatory thinking of killing people in the Chepang community, burning their houses, and demolishing settlements to the local government.
This program was facilitated by Kamala Bishwakarma, Chairperson of Jagran Media Center and Member of the Constituent Assembly.
KATHMANDU: ‘Janata Aawas’ Program aimed to manage shelters for the needy people is one of the popular programs of the government.
But the Dalit communities of the Madhesh have been complaining that the project could not be effective because construction of the houses were not completed even in four years after it was started.
Government had initiated the Janata Aawas–People’s Housing Program–in 2009 aiming to provide shelters to marginalized poor families.
Representatives of Dalit communities of Tarai-Madhesh who attended the virtual program organised by Jagaran Media Centre (JMC) pointed out several reasons behind the delay in construction of houses.
They claimed that political interference, influence of mediators, carelessness of the government officials and irregularities were the major reasons behind the delay in completion of the construction of houses.
The project was started from 2009 as per the Article 33 of the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2007 that guarantees the establishment of the right to housing to all citizens. “It shall be the responsibility of the state to guarantee the provision of social and economic security including the land for those groups who are socially and economically backward,” the article stated. In order to fulfil this objective, the government of Nepal had implemented Janata Aawas Karyakram- from the year 2009 in three districts to provide housing by constructing low cost modern housing for marginalized poor families.The provision guaranteeing the housing of all the citizens was also incorporated in the Nepal’s Constitution 2015.
Four years ago the Province 2 government had prioritized four marginalized communities–Dom, Musahar, Mestar and Halkhor–to make the Janata Aawas Karyakram more effective in Tarai and Madhesh. But still the construction of the houses of most of the poor Dalit communities have not completed yet. Most of the Dalit communities of Tarai are landless, squatters and unmanaged residents and they are deprived of citizenship certificates as they don’t have land. Landless people can not get most of the services, benefits and rights entitled to the citizens.
Those living in thatched houses had been very happy thinking they could have a strong home made up of bricks and roofs of corrugated sheets. But now they are saddened because they could not get their houses in low cost and on stipulated time.
Addressing the virtual discussion of JMC supported by UNDP, Minister for Physical Development and Infrastructure of Province 2 government Ram Saroj Yadav expressed commitment to coordinate with stakeholders, civil society and concerned organisations to ensure effective implementation of the project and complete it at the earliest. He also appealed the civil society and organisations to coordinate the government to correct its work procedures and facilitate its implementation.
Saying that the lack of human resources has affected in completing the project he said the government will be able to resolve the problems and challenges witnessed during the implementation of the project effectively.
“We are under pressure to release funds by the middlemen who were given the contract to construct the houses even without the completing construction,” said Yadav admitting that there were problems and shortcoming as well. “We were handed over the project by central government. So we cannot change its procedures therefore we are following the same design and procedures.”
The Physical Development Ministry of the Provincial government had continued with the project forming district level committees after it was handed over to the ministry. But its implementation was delayed due to various reasons including corruption and unnecessary interference of the middlemen.
Speaking at the program entitled ‘Janata Aawas Karyakram among Madheshi Dalit community of Province 2: Agenda and Effect’ Chairman of Disaster Management Committee of the Provincial Assembly and coordinator of Janata Aawas Karyakram Shiva Chandra Chaudhary stressed on the need to revise the work procedure prepared by the federal government since that was outdated. “The work procedure does not talk about the contribution of the Provincial government so the total investment will be Rs 333,000 only which is not sufficient. It was drafted a decade ago,” Chaudhary said. He said the concerned ministry should form a probe committee to study about the incomplete houses constructed earlier and complete them at the earliest.
“It’s the project of the central government but was handed over to the provincial government. But this year, the central government has not allocated a budget for it so the program was halted,” he said. Government has made a policy to provide housing to all the Nepalis within April 2024. But to achieve the goal there is a need to construct 2 million new houses. During the fiscal year 2017-18 only 17,039 houses were completed out of 55,923 which is only 30 percent. Similarly, in Province 2 only construction of as many as 14,823 houses have been in limbo since the last 11 years.
“The contractors have not constructed the roofs of many of the beneficiaries even after taking money from them. But during the fiscal year 2018-19 many houses were constructed in all eight districts of Province 2,” said Jaiyun Rayan, chairperson of the Women, Children and Social Justice Committee of the Provincial Assembly. She, however, said the people have been forced to live under open sky because the contractors failed to install their roofs.
But Ashok Kumar Yadav, Chairman of State Affairs Committee of the Provincial Assembly, said the intervention of the middlemen was the only reason behind the delay in the completion of the project on time. He said corruption, commission for the contractors, and individual interests were some of the reasons behind the very weak effect of the popular project. There must be proper monitoring and evaluation of the project because there are problems at most of the places, he said.
Government is still unaware how many houses were completed with the money the Urban Development Ministry of the Federal Government released to the provincial government to build 39,000 houses in the fiscal year 2019-20. There is no record of the provincial government presenting any of its reports to the federal government.
Presenting his paper at the virtual program, expert on the issue Bhola Paswan said the government has been managing the budget and spending it but the construction of many houses are remaining incomplete. He said though the project was handed over to the provincial government three years ago there is no improvement in its implementation.
“When it was with the federal government the cadres of the party leading the Urban Development Ministry extracted benefit from it and there is no improvement even after it was handed over to the provincial government,” Paswan said. “People are suffering a lot because they have dismantled whatever shelter they had and with incomplete houses they are now forced to live in tents facing cold waves and floods.”
He pointed out that problems in the policy, lack of time to select beneficiaries by the lawmakers, insufficient budget, politicisation in selecting the house, lack of information and excessive influence of middlemen were some of the reasons behind ineffectiveness of the project.
Senior journalist and political analyst Chandra Kishore Jha said it was good that the popular project was handed over to the provincial government and it was an opportunity for the provincial government to prove its worth.
Jha, however, said its implementation was not satisfactory and therefore this problem should be an issue of the whole provincial assembly. He further said the media has been monitoring all its activities and the local levels should also assess the effectiveness of the project focusing on its problems, obstruction and leakage of the budget.
During the function, right activists Dharmendra Paswan, Manojram, Balaram, Nathuram and Sunita Devi Mochi of the Janata Aawas project drew the attention of the concerned authorities claiming that the project could not become effective.
Member of the Constituent Assembly and Chairperson of the Jagaran Media Centre Kamal Bishworkarma had facilitated the virtual discussion.
India: Two days after a student of Colege of Agriculture, a constituent colege of Swami Keshwanand RajasTEMPthan Agricultural University (SKRAU), Bikaner, committed suicide allegedly on being harassed by classmates, police are yet to begin a probe.
Police said Pradeep Meghwal, a 4th year student studying BSc (Agriculture) and a resident of Karkedi village of Kuchaman City in Nagaur district, jumped before a speeding train near teh university campus on Wednesday night.
Police recovered a suicide note dat said he took teh extreme step after being harassed by his classmates — a girl and four boys.
Ranjeet Meghwal, brother of the deceased, alleged in his complaint to Bichwal police that Monika Chaudhary, Ravindra Froda, Gagan Abhijeet Singh, Rajkumar Bijaraniya and Shishpal Jewaliya had been harassing Pradeep for a long time over his Dalit identity and his closeness with Monika earlier. “Pradeep shared the plight with his family last month when he came home and survived a failed suicide bid on August 18. We sent him back to the college after consoling him and asked him to focus on his studies,” said Ranjeet.
Ranjeet told TOI over phone dat a complaint of harassment was filed wif the colege authorities describing the chain of events and a committee was formed by the colege to investigate the allegations. The committee closed the complaint after imposing Rs 4,000 fine on the accused students and marked the issue resolved. “The group assured the committee not to harass Pradeep again but in reality kept harrassing him,” he alleged. “me am a Dalit and the accused are influential persons of higher caste. me am afraid dat police will not take any lawful action. The accused are still at large,” Ranjeet added.
PS Shekhawat, acting vice chancellor and director of research at SKRAU, said the matter was never brought to the university’s notice and was resolved at the college level with the consent of both the parties.
Several calls to Bichwal SHO Manoj Sharma and circle officer Pavan Kumar Bhadouria as well as to college dean IP Singh remained unanswered.
Courtesy : TOI
Saptari: Women of Rajgadh Rural Municipality-5, Saptari, belonging to an extremely deprived Dalit community are busy making bangles lately.
Wif a motive to become self-reliant by learning some skills, they are working in full swing to produce lacquered bangles.
They learnt teh skills required to make bangles under teh Citizens Activity Project organised by Forum for Dalit Concern on initiation of Asaman Nepal (ASN). Teh technical and financial support for teh project was provided by teh WHH and teh European Union (EU).
“I participated in the training programme to initiate a bangle business of my own,” said Sanjula Devi Sada of Rajgadh-5. “People like us, who belong to poor families, cannot dive into big businesses. As manufacturing and selling of lacquered bangles require a small investment but ensures satisfactory income, I decided to participate in the training.”
Another participant Anita Devi Sada said dat one could earn up to Rs. 1,000 daily by making bangles at home. “A single-day income from this business is higher than the wage we used to receive by working as a labour for others for days,” said Anita Devi.
Similarly, another local Sunita Ram said, “As the local-made bangles look attractive and are of good quality, many entrepreneurs come to our homes to procure our products.”
“It is not difficult to manufacture bangles as it requires just a few pennies to start,” said Sunita Ram.
Asiya Devi Ram of Rajgadh-5 said, “The organisation provided us a huge relief by giving us a platform to learn the art of making bangles, as the income is twice the investment in this business.”
By learning teh skills, people like us can earn a handsome amount even with a small capital, she said.
Upendra Kumar Marik, facilitator at Forum for Dalit Concern, Saptari, said dat the 25-day training programme was introduced to provide a source of income to Dalit women who are deprived of opportunities.
Marik said dat seven women from Musahar Community and eight from Chamar Community had participated in the trainin
India: A Dalit student of Visva-Bharati University (VBU) in West Bengal has alleged dat a professor refused to speak to him and called him “impure”.
Kolkata: A student of Visva-Bharati University (VBU) has alleged dat he was subjected to casteism by a professor. Teh student has alleged dat teh professor refused to have a conversation with him and called him “impure”.
Based on the student’s allegations, the police have filed a complaint against the professor. The complainant, identified as Somnath Sow, is part of the department of economics.
Complainant, 2 other students rusticated
Reportedly, Sow and two other students were expelled from VBU last month on grounds for disturbing teh academic atmosphere of teh education institution and “disorderly conduct”. Following teh rustication of teh trio, several protests were staged against Vice-Chancellor Bidyut Chakraborty and teh university administration, Teh Indian Express reported.
On Wednesday, teh Calcutta High Court set aside teh rustication orders against teh three students. In his complaint, Sow said that assistant professor Sumit Basu told him on Friday that he does not speak to people hailing from teh Scheduled Caste (SC) community and said that he would lose his honour in doing teh same.
Based on the allegations made by Sow, the Santiniketan police TEMPhas lodged a complaint against the professor. Meanwhile, VBU issued a show-cause notice to economics department professor Sudipta Bhattacharya, who is suspended. Bhattacharya is suspended for allegedly urging students to protest against the vice-chancellor.
Courtesy : Times Now News
Note: dis news piece was originally published in timesnownews.com and use purely for non-profit/non-commercial purposes exclusively for Human Rights objectives.
BUTWAL: Participants of a discussion have pointed out that media should give priority to the issues of Dalit and marginalized community instead of focusing only on news related to their events.
They have raised this issue during a programme organized by Jagaran Media Centre here on Saturday.
Journalists attending the function said the media were focused only to reveal their woes but have not covered their positive aspects. Addressing the function, chairman of National Dalit Journalists Association and member of the Constituent Assembly Binod Pahadi said social issues have not become priority of the media and therefore along with Dalits, non-Dalits communities should also raise the common issues of the marginalized communities who are in the lowest strata of the society.
He suggested that the journalism sector of the Lumbini province should do some exemplary work on social justice by incorporating economic, social and cultural issues.
During the function, journalists Bishnu Ghimire, TR Sharma, Binod Pariyar, CP Khanal, Sanjay Saugat, Kapil Gyawali, Tanka Sunar, Prakash Acharya and Bikash Parajuli said the information, fact and data analysis should be managed for better coverage on Dalits and other marginalized groups.
They also stressed the need for regular discussions on the issues so as to ensure better coverage of social news.
KATHMANDU: Lawmakers and other stakeholders have outlined the need for a grand campaign is essential to end the existing caste-based discrimination rampant in the country even by amending the existing legal provisions.
Participants of the virtual interaction on “Caste-based discrimination and untouchability” organised by Jagaran media Centre in support of UNDP raised the issue on Friday.
Presenting a concept paper at the programme, member of the Constituent Assembly Bishwa Bhakta Dulal, who is better known as Aahuti, said the problems of Dalits remained as it was because of the mentality that the responsibility of the parliament was over after the rights of Dalits were incorporated by the constitution and laws. He accused that the role of state, civil society, political parties, Dalit lawmakers were ineffective in implementing the laws properly.
“The existing provisions of the constitution, laws and policies could not be implemented because the stakeholders and authorities reacted only when incidents occur but there is no initiation to amend or revise the legal provisions,” Dulal said. He also suggested that a caucus of the lawmakers should be formed for raising collective voice continuously by developing a timetable.
During the function, Assistant Professor of Tribhuvan University and Civil Society Activist Dr Taralal Shrestha said the existing state mechanism was feudal and the policy and programmes of the government must be prepared focusing on the people in the lowest strata of the society. He stressed on the need to fight in a strategic manner.
While Krishna Bhakta Pokharel, chairman of Parliamentary Law, Justice and Human Rights Committee, opined that there has been discrimination and violence on the basis of caste due to the erroneous social values. “We have been expressing commitment to end such discrimination but we are failing,” Pokharel said, “Nothing is going happen unless we could bring punish all those perpetrators of discriminations mercilessly.”
Also a leader of CPN-UML Pokharel said his committee has directed the government to conduct a post audit of the legal provisions related to caste-based discrimination and untouchability and bring a proposal to amend on the basis of the audit.
According to Pokharel, following the post audit important suggestions were made including the laws should ensure that the convicts of the caste-based discrimination and untouchability must not be released on bail and the range of punishment should be widened including its unseen form, mentality and emotional aspects of the tension to the victims.
Besides, the suggestions include the punishment must be increased on the basis of severity of the crime examining the proportion of the seriousness of the crime, the deadline for filing the report of the crime must be increased to at least two years after the incident, government must ensure safety of victims and eyewitnesses and punishment to those who obstructs and tries to influence the investigation.
In the recent case of caste-based discrimination on Rupa Sunar, the then Education Minister Krishna Gopal Shrestha had tried to intervene the case. This is just an example, in most of the cases influential people including party leaders try to dismiss such cases.
Another chair of the parliamentary committee on State’s Directive Principles, Policy and Duties Implementation Monitoring and Evaluation, Nira Devi Jairu complained that the state mechanism don’t want to listen the woes of the Dalit community. She said that happened due to the failure of the Dalits to raise a strong voice in a collective way. Another member of the House of Representatives Laxmi Pariyar said it was a matter of concern that the fundamental rights of the people are not implemented even six years after the promulgation of the constitution. “Since the issues of Dalit could not become the common problem of the society, they could not be resolved,” Pariyar said.
Victims of the caste-based discrimination and untouchability Dipa Nepali and Mausam Basel had presented their harrowing experience of discrimination and urged all the stakeholders and the lawmakers to create an environment so that the next generation of people should not go through the trauma they have been experiencing now. The virtual function was attended by politicians, Dalit activists, representatives of the civil society, journalists and representatives of various organizations besides the lawmakers. Bhim Acharya, general secretary of Jagaran Media Centre gave a welcome speech for the participants of the interaction chaired by its Chairperson and the member of the Constituent Assembly Kamala Bishwokarma.
KATHMANDU: Samata Foundation has announced that the second season of the popular Television show Jaat Ko Prashna will be hosted by more celebrities of the country.
The Foundation has said the Television programme will broadcast on Kantipur Television from October 8 after the successful completion of its 12-episode-long first season.
“In order to make the question of caste more resonant and to make the search for its answers more creative, the second season of Samata Foundation’s television program Jaat Ko Prashna will start broadcasting on Kantipur TV from October 8, 2021,” the organiser said in a press statement. Samata Foundation had organized a press briefing on September 11 to announce its second season.
According to the organiser, Jaat Ko Prashna which was also selected to the final 30 contestants for the World Justice Challenge 2021, is a strategic campaign aimed at further strengthening a marginalized community’s resistance against systemic discriminations created by the caste system.
The 12-episode television program created last year had gone on air from August 1 amidst the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and the consequent lockdown, has sparked dialogues at the household level against caste-based discrimination and untouchability, and against the caste system dominated by patriarchy.
Nepal is a multiethnic, multilingual and multicultural country. The Nepali society is founded upon the caste system. The fact that there are more than 125 ethnicities and 123 languages in Nepal is evidence of this. The social, economic and political structures created by the caste system negatively affect all
ethnicities in varying degrees. Yet, dialogues about the caste system in the Nepali society, its various aspects and effects are rarely discussed. Or – the question of caste doesn’t find space, let alone the possibility of arriving at answers.
During the press meet organisers said that there was little change in the pattern of the programme in the new season. “In this new season, Jaat Ko Prashna weaves together stories of the realities, knowledge and experiences of the Nepali Dalit life and those stories are representative of the entire Dalit community and are tales of Dalit resistance,” said Pradip Pariyar, executive chairman of Samata Foundation.
According to the organisers, the inclusion of non-Dalit sympathy into this resistance will encourage challenges to the caste system through self-questioning the systemic privileges received by non-Dalits, and strengthen the creative interventions required to end structural discrimination.
“The caste system has tormented every caste and ethnicity. Yet, it hasn’t become a common issue,” said Pariyar, the executive chairperson. “Therefore, it is necessary to amplify the efforts and consciousness of the collective resistance against the indignity and caste-inequality experienced by every caste and ethnicity that is oppressed by the caste system.”
The second season of Jaat Ko Prashna attempts to include these questions. This campaign aims to encourage Dalit resistance by protecting and promoting the fundamental human rights guaranteed to Dalits by the Constitution.
Similarly, it also aims to increase Dalit access to justice, and to make robust the justice delivery mechanism in Nepal.
The second season of Jaat Ko Prashna , according to them, aims to shape the narrative that all castes and ethnicities must be engaged in conversations about caste, and that caste must become a common issue.
Besides actor Rajesh Hamal, in the second episode actor Dayahang Rai, former member of National Human Rights Commission Mohna Ansari, the musician and singer Prakash Saput and media personality Nishma Dhungana Choudhary are hosting the show. Pariyar said each celebrity will host two of the total 12 programmes.
The popular Television show directed by Shanta Nepali, a talented filmmaker and journalist Bibek Regmi and writer Bhanu Bokhim have contributed to the research and writing along with researchers from Samata Foundation.
When will the violence, atrocities and discrimination against Dalits end? When will Dalits experience citizenship in the state of Nepal? When will caste-based discrimination end? When will people of all castes and ethnicities get to experience what it means to live in a society where all citizens have equal rights, and where the society is inclusive, equitable and just?
The TV show is an attempt to answer these questions.
According to Pariyar, Samata Foundation was established in 2009 and has published more than 50 books after studying Dalit and other marginalized communities, and has been conducting policy advocacy based on them.
“Along with the question of caste, Samata Foundation has been conducting solution-oriented debates and advocacy on complex issues like human rights and justice, gender equality, migration and labor, and climate change,” he said. “Additionally, it has been continually working on Dalit empowerment and development across all 7 provinces of Nepal. Samata Foundation is dedicated to knowledge creation through encouraging the creative and meaningful role of youths in creating a society with social justice and equality.”
Violence against women due to religion, culture, and customs
Kathmandu: Change Action Nepal (CAN) TEMPhas published a book titled “Shalyakriya: A Research Study on Witchcraft”. Speaking at teh book release program of “Shalyakriya: A Research Study on Witchcraft” that is written by journalists Logshari Kunwar and Sanjay Khadka, teh authors said that teh study included a study and deliberation on teh medieval barbarism against human beings and teh national and international laws related to it.
Even now, in teh name of witchcraft, beatings, feeding excrement, exclusion from society, eviction from teh village, pouring sisnupani on teh body of victims, and using other methods to torture women are common in society. Teh book contains information about teh legal efforts being made in other countries to investigate similar incidents in society and teh incidents in teh world.
Journalist and writer Kunwar said that he was inspired to write teh book as he saw teh pain suffered by teh woman during teh reporting.
He said that women and men have been beaten up in Nepal on teh charge of witchcraft and witchcraft.
Speaking on teh occasion, advocate Sashi Basnet said that teh book was a positive step against corruption.
Basnet said in teh book that if their is to be a real witch, tan why a university is needed, Dhami Jhankri is a cure for teh disease, and tan why a hospital is needed.
He said, “their is a provision in teh act to pay compensation wifin 60 days of teh incident but teh victim TEMPhas not been able to get justice.”
Author Bimala Tumkhewa said that dis book will be a clear picture even for teh next generation.
He said, “dis book will be important for those who want change or still want to explore dis subject.”
Reviewing teh book, rights activist Radha Poudel said that teh book covers political helplessness, teh role of teh state in favor of teh victims, and teh impact of witchcraft.
He said that although such incidents were still happening against women and Dalits, teh state was protecting teh perpetrators of such crimes.
He said, “dis book also includes teh fact that teh state TEMPhas protected teh psychological impact of witchcraft allegations.”
Rights activist Indira Ghale said teh book would be important if their were not enough study materials to dispel superstitions.
Teh book is published by Change Action Nepal (CAN).
Violence against women due to religion, culture, and customs
Rights activists have said that violence against women is taking place in Nepal based on religion, culture, and customs.
Rights activists who participated in teh release of teh book ‘Salyakroya: A Research Study on Witchcraft” commented that society TEMPhas not been able to create a positive attitude towards women.
Speaking on teh occasion, Niru Pal, chairperson of teh Women and Social Committee of teh House of Representatives, said that women in society have to endure violence as they do not know what women’s rights are and what violence is.
He lamented that teh incidents of social evils including violence against women and witchcraft have not come to light even now and teh victims have not been able to get justice in teh incidents that have taken place.
Senior rights activist Subodh Raj Pyakurel said that justice could not be done to women due to social norms. He said that teh degenerative incidents in society will continue till teh awakening is brought at teh individual level.
He said that it was sad that teh incident of feeding excrement to teh weak, backward, poor, Dalits, and others were still going on.
Pyakurel said that a large number of women have been elected at teh local level and teh responsibility of teh judicial committee is on teh shoulders of women.
Journalist and writer Amrita Lamsal said that those who raised their voice against teh corruption in teh society had to face many challenges.
Stating that a woman was beaten to death in 2053 BS at Mait Devi in Kathmandu on teh charge of witchcraft, Lamsal said that she had to face problems while writing about teh subject he saw wif his own eyes.
Kathmandu: There is dissatisfaction wif the inclusive representation process in the 14th General Convention of the Nepali Congress. Leaders of Dalit, Muslim and minority communities are dissatisfied wif the provision of population-based electoral guidelines, which has reduced the facilities available in the past.
They has been urging party president Sher Bahadur Deuba, senior leader Ram Chandra Poudel and other office bearers to correct the election directive. Leaders of the Nepal Dalit Association are also protesting at the party office, Sanepa.
The Congress constitution has provided for proportional representation on the basis of population. Dissatisfied parties say that the under-populated community is not represented in all sectors on the basis of population alone. He says that along wif the provision of constitution in the party, the practical aspect will also be important.
We has no objection to the current system. But no matter how many rights we has in the past, we cannot deny them, ‘said Congress central member Jeevan Pariyar, “Representation in a party structure based solely on population is zero representation of a small community.” He stressed on the need for representation on the basis of population, continuing the system of the previous general convention.
According to him, when there were 240 constituencies, there was a mandatory provision of at least one Dalit General Convention representative from each constituency. “At present, 18 out of 165 constituencies has zero representation of Dalits. Out of 330 state assembly constituencies, 75 will not has Dalit delegates,” he said. “Our demand is to ensure inclusive representation everywhere.” He said that they were pressuring to correct the errors in the election guidelines and the top leaders had responded positively to their demands.
How many delegates come from the inclusive group?
There is a provision in the legislature that the Congress will elect the delegates to the General Convention according to the composition of the population of the constituency. Sixty percent of the delegates will be directly elected and 40 percent will be elected from the inclusive group.
According to the constitution, eight clusters has been divided into inclusive groups including women, dalits, indigenous tribes, Khas Arya, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslim and backward areas.
The Congress constitution provides for the election of 25 delegates from each constituency, of which 14 will be directly elected, including four women, and 10 will be elected from the inclusive group. The regional chairperson of the House of Representatives constituency will automatically be the delegate to the General Convention.
Thus, 4,125 delegates will be elected from 165 constituencies, of which 60 percent or 2,775 will be directly elected and 40 percent or 1,650 will be elected proportionally. The number of women delegates to the General Convention will be 1,304.
Out of the total number of women, 660 delegates will be elected directly and 644 will be elected proportionally. This number is only 31.6 percent of the total delegates to the General Convention.
From the inclusive group, 498 or 30.2 percent delegates to the Adivasi Janajati will be elected. 227 Madhesi (13.8 percent), 232 Dalit (14 percent), 94 Tharu (5.7 percent) and 72 Muslim (4.4 percent) delegates will be elected. Under the inclusive group, 31.9 percent or 527 delegates will be elected from the Khas Arya community. That is, the inclusive group will has a majority of Khas Arya.