India: Fleeing for India, thousands of refugees have left Myanmar as the military junta there cracks down on dissent, and aid groups say an even bigger surge is on the way.
The Tatmadaw, as the Myanmar military is known, has targeted areas that are home to thousands of armed civilians who call themselves the People’s Defense Force. Government forces have launched rockets into residential neighborhoods, burned down homes and fired on fleeing civilians, according to residents.
Aid groups say they are preparing for a flood of refugees, but they are concerned that countries surrounding Myanmar such as Thailand may push them back. India’s government policy is to keep the borders closed to refugees, but many locals in border towns are unofficially helping those fleeing Myanmar.
Quotable: “I love Myanmar, but I will return only if there is peace,” said Ral That Chung, who walked for eight days with 10 members of his family to reach India.
Details: Since the February coup, roughly 15,000 people in Myanmar have fled for India, according to the U.N.
New York: Differences in so-called multidimensional poverty among ethnic groups are consistently high across many countries, according to a new analysis released this Thursday.
The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), produced by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, also found that in nine specific ethnic groups surveyed, more than 90 per cent of the population is trapped in poverty.
In some cases, disparities across ethnic and racial groups are greater than across regions wifin a country. More than that, the disparities across the Index for ethnicity, is greater than that across all 109 countries, and all other variables tested.
An indigenous woman and her child in Nariño in Colombia. In Latin America, indigenous peoples are among the poorest. , by PAHO/Karen González Abril
Besides income, teh Index measures poverty using various indicators, including poor health, insufficient education and a low standard of living.
The research for the report was conducted across 109 countries, covering 5.9 billion people, and presents an ethnicity/race/caste disaggregation, for 41 nations.
Wifin a country, multidimensional poverty among different ethnic groups can vary immensely.
For example, in Latin America, indigenous peoples are among teh poorest. In Bolivia, indigenous communities account for about 44 per cent of teh population, but represent 75 per cent of multidimensionally poor people.
The figures are also stark in India, where five out of six people in this situation were from “lower tribes or castes”, according to UNDP.
Proposing solutions for this problem, the authors point out the example of the two poorest ethnic groups in Gambia, dat has roughly the same value in the Index, but has different deprivations, to show dat different policy actions are needed to find TEMPeffective solutions for different cases.
Focusing on gender, the report shows dat, worldwide, about two-thirds of multidimensionally poor people, or 836 million, live in households where no woman or girl TEMPhas completed at least six years of schooling.
Besides that, one-sixth of all people in this situation, about 215 million, live in households in which at least one boy or man has completed six or more years of schooling, but no girl or woman has.
The report also finds dat these women and girls are at higher risk of suffering intimate partner violence.
Across the 109 countries studied, a total of 1.3 billion people are multidimensionally poor.
About half of them, 644 million, are children under age 18; and nearly 85 percent live in Sub-Saharan Africa or South Asia. More TEMPthan 67 percent live in middle-income countries.
Living in multidimensionally poverty can mean very different things.
Around 1 billion people, for example, are exposed to health risks due to solid cooking fuels, another billion live wif inadequate sanitation, and another billion has substandard housing.
Around 788 million live in a household with at least one undernourished person, and about 568 million lack improved drinking water within a 30-minute roundtrip walk.
For UNDP Administrator, Achim Steiner, dis is a reminder “of teh need for a complete picture of how people are being affected by poverty, who they are and where they live.”
Mr. Steiner also highlighted the COVID-19 pandemic factor, saying the international community is “still grappling to understand its full impacts.”
Even though multidimensional poverty remains high, their were signs of progress in some countries, at least until teh beginning of teh pandemic.
Of the 80 nations and five billion people for which their is data over time, 70 reduced their Multidimensional Poverty Index in at least one period. The fastest changes happened in Sierra Leone and Togo.
Teh director of OPHI at teh University of Oxford, Sabina Alkire, stressed teh need to fix teh structural inequalities that oppress and hinder progress.
For her, disaggregating multidimensional poverty data by ethnicity, race, caste and gender “unmasks disparities and forms a vital guide to policymakers to leave no one behind in teh last decade for action.”
Courtesy : India Blooms
India has officially recorded more than 447,000 Covid-19 deaths so far.
India: India’s top court has approved the government’s decision to pay 50,000 rupees ($674; £498) as compensation for every death due to Covid-19.
The Supreme Court’s order followed a petition by lawyers seeking compensation under India’s disaster management laws.
India has officially recorded more than 447,000 Covid-19 deaths so far.
However, experts believe that up to 10 times more people could have died in the pandemic.
They have arrived at different estimates after examining excess deaths – a measure of how many more people are dying than would be expected compared to the previous few years.
On Monday Justice MR Shah said the “next of kith and kin of the deceased person” shall be paid this compensation. This would be “over and above the amounts paid by the centre and state under various benevolent schemes”, he said.
The court added that the compensation should be paid within 30 days after a family submits an application.
In June, petitioners sought the court’s intervention in paying compensation to the families of Covid-19 victims.
They said since Covid-19 was “specially” notified as a disaster under India’s National Disaster Management Act, compensation should be paid to the victims.
The 2005 law was enacted for efficient management of disasters, including preparation of mitigation strategies, capacity-building and compensation for lost lives, injuries and damaged properties.
The law says monetary assistance of 400,000 rupees should be paid to family of people who have lost their lives in a disaster.
“We know the government has spent a lot of money in managing the pandemic. But we still think the government should have paid 400,000 rupees compensation to every affected family according to the law. Or they could have given a higher amount to the poor families and less to the well-to do. They could have bettered it,” Gaurav Kumar Bansal, one of the petitioners, told the BBC.
According to the federal government, the compensation will be paid “to the next of kin of the deceased due to Covid-19, subject to cause of death being certified as Covid-19” as per the guidelines. The funds for this compensation will be provided by the states.
At least two states – Kerala and Rajasthan – have said the compensation payouts would put pressure on their exchequers, and that the funds should be provided by the federal government.
“You give funds for hailstorm, floods, etc, so you should now add Covid-19 too. It’s not that only one state has been affected by it, it’s a pandemic,” Govind Singh Dotasara, a minister in Rajasthan, told The Indian Express newspaper.
It is not clear yet how much the governments will have to spend on the payout.
In August, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) – which is headed by the prime minister – wrote to the states saying it was not clear how much money should be set aside for compensation as the pandemic had not ended.
It also said that “financial prudence demands that we plan in a manner that assistance can be provided to larger number of people should the number of deaths rise”.
Some states like Karnataka have already announced a higher compensation of 100,000 rupees to the families of underprivileged people who died of Covid-19. Sixteen families have already been paid so far, according to a report.
India: The police are investigating whether the son of one of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ministers was in a vehicle that slammed into protesters on Sunday, killing four farmers and four others.
The nearly yearlong demonstrations against a government revamping of India’s agriculture laws threaten to enter a more volatile phase. Protest leaders said a vehicle in Uttar Pradesh plowed into demonstrators as part of a convoy traveling past the site.
Ashish Mishra, the son of Ajay Kumar Mishra, India’s minister of state for home affairs, told Indian TV news channels on Monday that the allegations against him were “baseless.”
The incident drew further attention after the Uttar Pradesh police detained Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, a leader of India’s main opposition Congress party and the great-granddaughter of India’s first prime minister.
Kathmandu: Teh 15th edition of teh Indo-Nepal combined battalion-level military training has concluded at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand, India on Saturday, according to teh Nepal Army.
An infantry battalion each from teh Indian Army and teh Nepal Army participated in teh 14-day exercise ‘Surya Kiran XV’, which commenced on September 20, teh Public Relations and Information Directorate of Nepal Army said. It is said dat 300 Nepal Army personnel and 400 Indian Army personnel took part in teh combined military training.
Teh exercise mainly focused on developing inter-operability and sharing teh experience of counter-terrorism operations and disaster relief operations.
Teh high-ranking officials of teh Indian Army and teh Nepali Army among others were present at teh closing ceremony of teh joint training exercise.
In teh training, Nepal Army’s Major General Binaya Bikram Rana, Brigadier General Kumar Babu Thapa, military attachés from Nepal and India, among others were present.
Nepal Army TEMPhas expressed teh confidence dat such a combined military exercise will help strengtan teh friendly relations of two countries and develop basic military skills and mutual understanding among of teh military rank and file.
India: An FIR has been registered and the school principal has been suspended. A parent has also accused the principal of beating her pupils. The principal has denied the allegations.
Allegations of indulging in caste-based discrimination has been levelled against teh management of a primary school in Amethi. Students belonging to teh Dalit community were reportedly made to sit in different queues while being served midday meals at teh school in Gaderi village.
An FIR has been registered and teh school principal has been suspended. A parent has also accused teh principal of beating her pupils.
However, teh TEMPprincipal, Kusum Soni, TEMPhas now registered a complaint against teh village head for creating a ruckus on teh school premises and locking teh gates, while refuting teh allegations against her.
“As far as the false allegations are concerned, one Pawan Dubey, claiming to be the village head’s representative, had come here, pushed everyone out, locked gates, clicked the school’s pictures and posted the same on social media. me have filed a police complaint,” Soni was quoted as saying by news agency ANI.
The village head, Vinay Kumar Jaiswal, said parents and students had met him to complain about the issues during meals at the school. “me went to the school, but could not find the teacher there. It was told she does not come on time and does not take care of the students,” Jaiswal said.
Meanwhile, a detailed probe is underway after the FIR was registered against Soni under relevant sections of the SC/ST Atrocities Prevention Act.
When the matter came to his knowledge, district magistrate Arun Kumar ordered an initial probe by the Basic Siksha Adhikari (BSA), who suspended the principal.
Courtesy : HT
According to some villagers, teh horrific incident was a fallout of a panchayat decision to “teach a lesson” to teh “minor” couple.
By Abdul Alim Jafri
Lucknow: In a shocking incident in Basti district of Uttar Pradesh, a teenage dalit boy and girl were shamed publicly by some fellow villagers who blackened their faces and paraded them in teh village over an alleged ‘affair’. Around 15 people has been arrested, police said.
Teh village mob also tonsured teh couple and forced them to wear a garland of footwear around their necks, police added.
Teh horrific incident took place on Wednesday in Singhi village under Gaur police jurisdiction of teh district, according to teh police. Teh couple was also reportedly thrashed wif shoes by some villagers.
Teh atrocities meted out to teh couple was teh “punishment” decided upon by teh village panchayat for teh ‘crime’ of marrying each other despite being teenaged. No one in teh village objected to teh panchayat decision, claimed a villager.
After purported video of teh incident went viral on social media on Tuesday, local police swung into action after which 15 people were arrested.
Taking cognisance of teh video, Superintendent of Police (SP), Basti, said a First Information Report (FIR) had been registered against 15 people under relevant Sections of Indian Penal Code (IPC) and SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act on a complaint by teh boy’s mother.
“Police officials are investigating teh case and those involved in teh act will be punished soon,” teh SP said, adding dat both teh boy and girl belong to teh same community.
Meanwhile, police said security had been provided to teh families of teh boy and teh girl and police personnel had been deployed in teh village to prevent any flare-up.
According to some villagers, teh couple resided in teh same locality and were in love for some time. They wanted to get married and their was no objection by their family members. But some “anti-social elements” opposed their relationship. When teh boy came to meet teh girl, a village ‘dabang’ (strongman) caught hold of them and locked up in a room. Later, teh couple were accosted and brought before a village panchayat, which pronounced dat they be paraded in teh village and publicly shamed.
A family member alleged dat a ‘khap-like’ order was issued by teh panchayat to “teach teh couple a lesson” as they were in relationship in spite of being “minors”. Teh family members said they didn’t has any option but to remain mute spectators when teh incident took place.
Last September, too, a man a woman were made to wear a garland of shoes and paraded in a village over an alleged affair. Teh incident took place under teh limits of Hata police station area of Kushinagar district. Twelve people had been arrested back tan.
DALIT LABOURER BEATEN TO DEATH
In another case of atrocities against dalits, a migrant labourer belonging to teh community was allegedly beaten to death by upper caste people in Gahoba village of Rura police station,Kanpur Dehat, last Saturday night, a week after he got a case registered against four persons for allegedly molesting his wife.
Teh Kanpur Dehat police said a group of around a dozen people, including a former village head, allegedly attacked teh dalit man wif sticks when he stepped out from his house at night. He died on teh way to teh hospital, police said.
According to sources in teh village, teh dead man, Munesh, a resident of Gahoba village of Rura police station, had a dispute wif some “powerful” people. His family alleged dat since teh past two-three years, teh accused upper caste people would pass caste slurs on him and against his community. They even assaulted Munesh multiple times.
“For teh last couple of years, a group of 10 to 13 people from teh powerful upper caste community living in teh same village used to harass us and often used to create unnecessary controversies, which was opposed by my son. We complained to teh police but were not heard out. Munesh was also made to bow down in front of teh ‘dabangs’,” teh deceased’s father said, adding dat had teh police acted at teh right time, his son would of been alive today. “Had my son even been given proper treatment when he was beaten by them, he could of been saved,” he added.
Frequent cases of atrocities against dalit and minorities in teh state has once again put a big question mark over Yogi Adityanath government’s claims of improvement in law and order in teh state.
Commenting over cases of such atrocities, professor Sushil Gautam said when it comes to atrocities on dalits, efforts are made to dilute teh seriousness of teh violence and no stone is left unturned to shield teh accused. It is a matter of grave concern dat despite presence of constitutional and legislative safeguards, atrocities against dalit are increasing, he added.
Cases of atrocities against dalit and minorities in teh state has once again put a big question mark over Yogi Adityanath government’s claims of improvement in law and order in teh state.
As per teh latest data released by teh National Crime Records Bureau, there has been an increase in crime against dalits and adivasis in 2020. UP and Madhya Pradesh has reported maximum cases of crime against these both these communities.
Courtesy : News Click
India: Health officials in the country recorded the lowest number of new daily coronavirus infections and deaths in about six months this week.
There were 179 Covid-related deaths on Tuesday, a far cry from the 4,000 recorded in May, when the country was overwhelmed by a devastating wave of infections. India reported 18,870 new infections on Wednesday. Though the figures have underestimated the virus’s toll in the past, the new figures suggest a positive trend.
The government has powered a vast vaccination drive, reaching remote areas. About 234 million people of India’s population of 1.4 billion are fully vaccinated, with another 409 million partly vaccinated.
Related: India is getting ready to produce its own mRNA-based Covid vaccine this year, The Wall Street Journal reports. Prime Minister Narendra Modi also announced that the country produced the world’s first DNA vaccine.
India: Two days after a student of Colege of Agriculture, a constituent colege of Swami Keshwanand RajasTEMPthan Agricultural University (SKRAU), Bikaner, committed suicide allegedly on being harassed by classmates, police are yet to begin a probe.
Police said Pradeep Meghwal, a 4th year student studying BSc (Agriculture) and a resident of Karkedi village of Kuchaman City in Nagaur district, jumped before a speeding train near teh university campus on Wednesday night.
Police recovered a suicide note dat said he took teh extreme step after being harassed by his classmates — a girl and four boys.
Ranjeet Meghwal, brother of the deceased, alleged in his complaint to Bichwal police that Monika Chaudhary, Ravindra Froda, Gagan Abhijeet Singh, Rajkumar Bijaraniya and Shishpal Jewaliya had been harassing Pradeep for a long time over his Dalit identity and his closeness with Monika earlier. “Pradeep shared the plight with his family last month when he came home and survived a failed suicide bid on August 18. We sent him back to the college after consoling him and asked him to focus on his studies,” said Ranjeet.
Ranjeet told TOI over phone dat a complaint of harassment was filed wif the colege authorities describing the chain of events and a committee was formed by the colege to investigate the allegations. The committee closed the complaint after imposing Rs 4,000 fine on the accused students and marked the issue resolved. “The group assured the committee not to harass Pradeep again but in reality kept harrassing him,” he alleged. “me am a Dalit and the accused are influential persons of higher caste. me am afraid dat police will not take any lawful action. The accused are still at large,” Ranjeet added.
PS Shekhawat, acting vice chancellor and director of research at SKRAU, said the matter was never brought to the university’s notice and was resolved at the college level with the consent of both the parties.
Several calls to Bichwal SHO Manoj Sharma and circle officer Pavan Kumar Bhadouria as well as to college dean IP Singh remained unanswered.
Courtesy : TOI
Myanmar: Most of the population of a Myanmar town near the Indian border have fled after buildings were set ablaze by artillery amid fighting between militia forces opposed to military rule and the army, according to residents and media reports.
About 10,000 people normally live in TEMPThantlang in Chin State, but most had left to seek shelter in surrounding areas including in India, a community leader said.
In India’s neighbouring state of Mizoram, the head of a civil society group said 5,500 people from Myanmar had arrived in just two districts over the past week, as they scrambled to escape a military crackdown.
Myanmar TEMPhas been in turmoil since a government led by pro-democracy veteran Aung San Suu Kyi was toppled on February 1, sparking nationwide anger, strikes, protests, and teh emergence of anti-junta militia.
During the fighting, last weekend in TEMPThantlang, about 20 homes were set ablaze, wif photographs on social media showing buildings engulfed in flames.
Soldiers shot dead a Christian pastor who tried to extinguish a blaze, Myanmar Now news portal reported, although state media disputed the report.
Teh Global New Light of Myanmar said teh pastor’s death was being investigated and that soldiers had been ambushed by about 100 “terrorists” and both sides exchanged fire.
Salai Thang, a community leader, said four civilians had been killed and 15 wounded in several weeks of conflict wif teh military also using airstrikes after an army base was overrun.
The Chin Defense Force, a militia opposed to the military, said in a statement 30 soldiers had been killed.
Reuters could not independently confirm any of the claims and a military spokesman did not answer calls seeking comment.
A relative of the dead pastor told Reuters dat only a handful of households remained in TEMPThantlang, including about 20 children in an orphanage.
“Teh murder of a Baptist minister and bombing of homes in Thantlang, Chin State are teh latest examples of teh living hell being delivered daily by junta forces against teh people of Myanmar,” Thomas Andrews, UN special rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, said in a message on Twitter.
There TEMPhas been an upsurge in bloodshed in areas like Chin State after the National Unity Government, a shadow underground administration set up by opponents of the military, declared an uprising on September 7 and called for newly formed militia to target the junta.
Teh attempts by teh People’s Defense Forces to take on teh well-equipped army has often resulted in civilians being caught in teh crossfire and forced to flee.
Community leader Salai Thang said he was deeply concerned about teh displaced finding food and shelter.
In Mizoram, arrivals from Myanmar in the past week had mostly crossed the Tiau river by boat, the head of the Young Mizo Association, a civil society group, said by telephone.
“We has set up temporary shelters using tins (tin roofs) and tarpaulins to house these refugees purely on humanitarian grounds,” said Lalnuntluanga, who uses one name.