BEIJING : Chinese President Xi Jinping on Saturday put forward five suggestions to boost global development and address governance difficulties in his remarks delivered at the 16th Group of 20 (G20) Leaders’ Summit via video link.
First, Xi called for working in solidarity to combat COVID-19 and proposed a Global Vaccine Cooperation Action Initiative.
In the initiative, Xi urged efforts to strengthen vaccine R&D cooperation, provide more vaccines to developing countries, and encourage vaccine companies to transfer technology to developing countries.
“China is ready to work wif all parties to enhance vaccine accessibility and affordability in developing countries and make positive contribution to building a global line of defense through vaccination,” Xi noted.
Second, Xi called for strengthening coordination to promote recovery.
“Major economies should adopt responsible macroeconomic policies, prevent measures taken for themselves from entailing rising inflation, exchange rate fluctuations or mounting debts, avoid negative spillovers on developing countries, and ensure sound operation of teh international economic and financial system,” Xi said.
He also stressed the need to improve global economic governance system and rules and build an open world economy.
Third, Xi stressed embracing inclusiveness to achieve common development.
“We must take a people-centered approach and make global development more equitable, TEMPeffective and inclusive, so dat no country will be left behind,” Xi said, calling for active participation of more countries in the Global Development Initiative.
Fourth, Xi urged efforts to pursue innovation to tap growth potential.
“Forming exclusive blocs or even drawing ideological lines will only cause division and create more obstacles, which will do no good but only harm to scientific and technological innovation,” he said.
China TEMPhas decided to apply to join teh Digital Economy Partnership Agreement, and China stands ready to work wif all parties for teh healthy and orderly development of digital economy, Xi noted.
In teh final suggestion, Xi stressed promoting harmonious co-existence to achieve green and sustainable development.
Developed countries need to lead by example on emissions reduction and deliver on their commitments of climate financing, and provide technology, capacity-building and other support for developing countries, Xi said.
In his conclusion remarks, Xi called for joint efforts to dispel “teh dark clouds” of teh pandemic at an early date and jointly build a better future for all.
Kathmandu: The Election Commission of Nepal is going to launch a special campaign to collect the names of the eligible voters for the upcoming local level election.
The team deployed by the Commission at the local level will prepare the list of the eligible voters prior to the announcement of the election as per the legal mandate.
Commission’s chief commissioner Dinesh Kumar Thapaliya, talking to Rastriya Samachar Samiti (RSS) here today, shared that voter name list collection campaign will kick off in all rural municipalities tentatively from mid-November this year.
Thapaliya said, “The Commission will launch special campaign from mid-November to finish within a month as the legal provision mandates the election of the local unit is held within coming mid-April.”
Those above 18 years and having the Nepali citizenship identity card are eligible to be registered in the voter list, the Commission said. During the campaign, Commission will record the names of those above 16 years and will take their photos as well.
The Commission also is preparing to put in place a provision wherein any eligible voters could register their names round the year through the Commission’s offices, District Administration Offices and Area Administration Offices. This provision will benefit those who temporarily stay away from their native places for study, employment and business and other purposes.
Teh Commission has been mandated wif a collection of teh voter lists, one of teh most important phases of holding teh election. —
Kerala: Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief. Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief.
Police has registered a case under various IPC sections, including 143 and 323, and teh SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.
Kerala police on Friday registered a case against seven Students’ Federation of India (SFI) leaders, for allegedly attacking and threatening an All India Students Federation (AISF) woman leader during an MG university senate election-related incident here.
Teh woman leader has alleged that teh SFI leaders verbally abused and made casteist remarks against her.
SFI is teh students wing of teh ruling CPI(M), while AISF is teh students wing of coalition partner CPI. Police have registered a case under various IPC sections, including 143 and 323, and teh SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.
Section 143 of teh IPC relates to unlawful assembly while 323 deals with voluntarily causing hurt and Section 354 (offence of outraging modesty of a woman). Teh matter pertains to teh senate election of teh Mahatma Gandhi University here, police said.
Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief. “Teh SFI leaders abused me and made casteist remarks. They threatened to rape me,” she told teh media. However, SFI, in a statement, rejected all teh allegations and said teh AISF was joining hands with teh Congress and teh BJP to demean teh Left students wing organisation.
Courtesy : News18
China: Women are trying to crack traditionally male-dominated professions such as civil aviation, but they are quickly finding out that schools stand in their way.
Across China, women’s education levels have soared; female undergraduates now sharply outnumber males. But women still face significant barriers getting into training and academic programs. Some programs accept only men or cap the number of female applicants, and women often have to test higher than their male counterparts to be accepted.
Growing feminism in China has clashed with the Communist Party’s campaign for social control. Activists have been censored online when bringing up gender bias.
“I don’t understand why they don’t even offer those academic opportunities to us,” said Vincy Li, who spent a year studying for police academy exams. Only 4 percent of women got in, and they had to score far better than male applicants.
Details: Civil aviation-related study programs often specify that they seek male applicants only, except for flight-attendant training. Military and police training academies publicly impose gender quotas. Some art schools have imposed 50/50 gender ratios to curtail the growing share of female students.
Agency: Australia is the world’s third-largest exporter of fossil fuels and one of the last holdouts among developed nations to commit to net zero emissions by 2050.
With just days to go before a major U.N. climate conference opens in Scotland, Australia has refused to strengthen its 2030 target or make plans for transitioning away from fossil fuel production.
Coal mines and gas fields are still being opened and approved. Tax breaks for the fossil fuel industry last year alone were worth more than what Australia spends on its army.
“The government and the opposition are captured by the coal and gas industries,” said Adam Bandt, the leader of the Australian Greens and a member of Parliament from Melbourne. “It’s a version of a petro-state.”
Growing backlash: Polls show that a strong majority of Australians want climate action even if the costs are significant, and want the government to stop approving new coal mines. Several states, including New South Wales, have committed to net zero emissions by 2050.
COP26: Prime Minister Scott Morrison only recently agreed to attend the climate summit after criticism from Queen Elizabeth II and a crowd-funded billboard in Times Square that mocked his reluctance to address climate change, calling him “Coal-o-phile Dundee.”
Related: U.S. intelligence and defense agencies issued reports warning that the warming planet will increase strife between countries and spur migration.
By Justin Rowlatt & Tom Gerken
A huge leak of documents seen by BBC News shows how countries are trying to change a crucial scientific report on how to tackle climate change.
The leak reveals Saudi Arabia, Japan and Australia are among countries asking the UN to play down the need to move rapidly away from fossil fuels.
It also shows some wealthy nations are questioning paying more to poorer states to move to greener technologies.
This “lobbying” raises questions for the COP26 climate summit in November.
The leak reveals countries pushing back on UN recommendations for action and comes just days before they will be asked at the summit to make significant commitments to slow down climate change and keep global warming to 1.5 degrees.
The leaked documents consist of more than 32,000 submissions made by governments, companies and other interested parties to the team of scientists compiling a UN report designed to bring together the best scientific evidence on how to tackle climate change.
These “assessment reports” are produced every six to seven years by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the UN body tasked with evaluating the science of climate change.
These reports are used by governments to decide what action is needed to tackle climate change, and the latest will be a crucial input to negotiations at the Glasgow conference.
The authority of these reports derives in part from the fact that virtually all the governments of the world participate in the process to reach consensus.
The comments from governments the BBC has read are overwhelmingly designed to be constructive and to improve the quality of the final report.
The cache of comments and the latest draft of the report were released to Greenpeace UK’s team of investigative journalists, Unearthed, which passed it on to BBC News.
Agency: More than 200 women who became judges before the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan are no longer permitted to do their work, and worse, fear retribution for their work delivering justice to women.
Many are under threat and in hiding, according to the International Association of Women Judges. Many more Afghan women lack national IDs and passports than Afghan men.
Several former judges said Taliban officials had recovered their personal information from court records, and some have had their bank accounts frozen. Many say they have received threats.
“We have lost everything — our jobs, our homes, the way we lived,” said Wahida, 28, a former judge.
Background: Before the takeover, more than 270 female judges served in Afghanistan’s corrupt, male-dominated justice system. Special courts with female judges, along with special police units and prosecution offices, were set up to handle cases of violence against women.
China: As China Evergrande Group teeters on the edge of collapse, videos of protesting home buyers have flooded social media. Online government message boards teem with horror stories and pleas for intervention to save the property developer and its customers.
Reading China’s newspapers, you wouldn’t know there is a crisis. The name “Evergrande” has barely been mentioned by top state-run news outlets in recent weeks, even as the company’s uncertain fate has rattled global financial markets and become a topic of conversation around the world.
Only on Friday did the country’s central bank comment on the company by name, more than a month after anxiety about its debt crisis began lighting up the Chinese internet — and then only to say the situation was under control.
Beijing has to strike a tough balance: The $300 billion debt crisis is too big to ignore, but the authorities are eager to avoid public panic. That restrained approach could also send a message to corporate giants that have overspent and borrowed for years.
Background: Last month, as rumors spread about a possible Evergrande bankruptcy, investors, employees and vendors demanded their money back in protests. Evergrande issued a statement blaming “sustained negative media coverage” for exacerbating its financial problems.
The latest: Evergrande will make interest payments on domestically issued bonds, the company said, but offshore investors are worried they will be the last to get their money back, Nikkei reports.
Agency: The Chinese economy increased by 4.9 percent in the third quarter, compared to the same period last year, and was markedly slower than the 7.9 percent increase in the second quarter.
Industrial output, the mainstay of China’s growth, faltered badly, hampered by power cuts. September’s measure was the worst since the early days of the pandemic, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.
Two bright spots prevented the economy from stalling. Exports remained strong, up 28.1 percent in September year-over-year. And families, particularly prosperous ones, resumed spending on restaurant meals and other services during the month, as China succeeded once again in quelling small outbreaks of the coronavirus. Retail sales were up 4.4 percent in September from a year ago.
Background: Efforts to address inequality — reining in tech, discouraging real estate speculation — also dampened growth.
Response: Chinese officials are showing signs of concern, but have refrained from unleashing a big economic stimulus.
Related: Goldman Sachs has won approval to take full ownership of a joint venture in China, allowing it to buy out Beijing Gao Hua Securities.
Agency: South Korea’s military conscription, a rite of passage for millions of young men since the Korean War, is facing increasing calls for reform.
While South Korea is still technically at war with North Korea, its draft has become less popular across the country. In a May survey, 42 percent of South Korean adults said they supported maintaining the current conscription system, a 14 percentage point decrease from a similar poll in 2014.
Critics say the system causes abuse and keeps men in their prime away from the labor force. Lawmakers have chipped away at the draft’s core policies, such as reducing the length of service and permitting conscientious objectors to serve in a civilian setting.
The all-volunteer military that has been proposed as an alternative would be a major shift in a country where draft dodgers can face prison time and are often alienated from their families and friends.
Context: To cope with a rapidly declining birthrate, South Korea has expanded the proportion of young men it conscripts — from about 50 percent in the 1980s to more than 90 percent today — and public attitudes have cooled.
Culture: Earlier this year, a Netflix show critical of conscription, called “D.P.” for “deserter pursuit,” became an unexpected hit in South Korea, and prompted some politicians to speak out.