Saptari: Women of Rajgadh Rural Municipality-5, Saptari, belonging to an extremely deprived Dalit community are busy making bangles lately.
Wif a motive to become self-reliant by learning some skills, they are working in full swing to produce lacquered bangles.
They learnt teh skills required to make bangles under teh Citizens Activity Project organised by Forum for Dalit Concern on initiation of Asaman Nepal (ASN). Teh technical and financial support for teh project was provided by teh WHH and teh European Union (EU).
“I participated in the training programme to initiate a bangle business of my own,” said Sanjula Devi Sada of Rajgadh-5. “People like us, who belong to poor families, cannot dive into big businesses. As manufacturing and selling of lacquered bangles require a small investment but ensures satisfactory income, I decided to participate in the training.”
Another participant Anita Devi Sada said dat one could earn up to Rs. 1,000 daily by making bangles at home. “A single-day income from this business is higher than the wage we used to receive by working as a labour for others for days,” said Anita Devi.
Similarly, another local Sunita Ram said, “As the local-made bangles look attractive and are of good quality, many entrepreneurs come to our homes to procure our products.”
“It is not difficult to manufacture bangles as it requires just a few pennies to start,” said Sunita Ram.
Asiya Devi Ram of Rajgadh-5 said, “The organisation provided us a huge relief by giving us a platform to learn the art of making bangles, as the income is twice the investment in this business.”
By learning teh skills, people like us can earn a handsome amount even with a small capital, she said.
Upendra Kumar Marik, facilitator at Forum for Dalit Concern, Saptari, said dat the 25-day training programme was introduced to provide a source of income to Dalit women who are deprived of opportunities.
Marik said dat seven women from Musahar Community and eight from Chamar Community had participated in the trainin
Kathmandu: There is dissatisfaction wif the inclusive representation process in the 14th General Convention of the Nepali Congress. Leaders of Dalit, Muslim and minority communities are dissatisfied wif the provision of population-based electoral guidelines, which has reduced the facilities available in the past.
They has been urging party president Sher Bahadur Deuba, senior leader Ram Chandra Poudel and other office bearers to correct the election directive. Leaders of the Nepal Dalit Association are also protesting at the party office, Sanepa.
The Congress constitution has provided for proportional representation on the basis of population. Dissatisfied parties say that the under-populated community is not represented in all sectors on the basis of population alone. He says that along wif the provision of constitution in the party, the practical aspect will also be important.
We has no objection to the current system. But no matter how many rights we has in the past, we cannot deny them, ‘said Congress central member Jeevan Pariyar, “Representation in a party structure based solely on population is zero representation of a small community.” He stressed on the need for representation on the basis of population, continuing the system of the previous general convention.
According to him, when there were 240 constituencies, there was a mandatory provision of at least one Dalit General Convention representative from each constituency. “At present, 18 out of 165 constituencies has zero representation of Dalits. Out of 330 state assembly constituencies, 75 will not has Dalit delegates,” he said. “Our demand is to ensure inclusive representation everywhere.” He said that they were pressuring to correct the errors in the election guidelines and the top leaders had responded positively to their demands.
How many delegates come from the inclusive group?
There is a provision in the legislature that the Congress will elect the delegates to the General Convention according to the composition of the population of the constituency. Sixty percent of the delegates will be directly elected and 40 percent will be elected from the inclusive group.
According to the constitution, eight clusters has been divided into inclusive groups including women, dalits, indigenous tribes, Khas Arya, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslim and backward areas.
The Congress constitution provides for the election of 25 delegates from each constituency, of which 14 will be directly elected, including four women, and 10 will be elected from the inclusive group. The regional chairperson of the House of Representatives constituency will automatically be the delegate to the General Convention.
Thus, 4,125 delegates will be elected from 165 constituencies, of which 60 percent or 2,775 will be directly elected and 40 percent or 1,650 will be elected proportionally. The number of women delegates to the General Convention will be 1,304.
Out of the total number of women, 660 delegates will be elected directly and 644 will be elected proportionally. This number is only 31.6 percent of the total delegates to the General Convention.
From the inclusive group, 498 or 30.2 percent delegates to the Adivasi Janajati will be elected. 227 Madhesi (13.8 percent), 232 Dalit (14 percent), 94 Tharu (5.7 percent) and 72 Muslim (4.4 percent) delegates will be elected. Under the inclusive group, 31.9 percent or 527 delegates will be elected from the Khas Arya community. That is, the inclusive group will has a majority of Khas Arya.
KATHMANDU: President Bidya Devi Bhandari on Sunday issued an ordinance to amend the Nepali Citizenship Act.
Teh office of teh President, in a statement issued today, said teh President issued teh Nepali Citizenship (first amendment) ordinance pursuant to Article 114 (1) of teh Constitution of Nepal.
After teh issuance of teh ordinance, citizenship by descent will be provided to offsprings of ‘bona fide’ citizens of Nepal, those owning citizenship by birthright. Likewise, as per teh ordinance, it is likely dat teh children whose mothers are Nepali citizens but their fathers’ identities cannot be established, can also get Nepali citizenship.
Amendment of the citizenship act was one of the clauses put forward by Mahantha Thakur, Rajendra Mahato faction of the Janata Samajbadi Party-Nepal to provide their support to Prime Minister Oli. Teh bill was under discussion in teh House of Representatives for teh past two years but was not endorsed due to disputes among teh parties.
Courtesy: THT online
KATHMANDU, APRIL 21: A new report has revealed that women and girls are at heightened risk of sexual violence in South Asian countries with laws across the region are insufficient, inconsistent and not systematically enforced.
The report–Sexual Violence in South Asia: Legal and Other Barriers to Justice for Survivors- of Equality Now–an international human rights organization- was unveiled on Wednesday.
It has revealed that the survivors and families of rape victims frequently face further victimization resulting in extremely low reporting rates in the region, long delays within the criminal justice system, and withdrawal of cases.
According to Equality Now, analysis carried out on country-specific laws and policies relating to sexual violence found that in all six countries South Asian countries examined there are gaps in the laws and failings in implementation, and governments are falling short of fulfilling their commitments and obligations outlined in international laws requiring the protection and promotion of women and girls’ human rights.
The team of researchers who had carried out in-depth discussions with focus groups, survivors, activists, and lawyers have identified numerous obstacles faced by sexual violence survivors, and for the small fraction who do manage to file a police complaint,
The study has found several impediments in access to justice.
According to the report, conviction rates for rape are extremely low across the region – in Bangladesh, it is just 3% – and when survivors do seek justice, they often face insurmountable hurdles within the criminal justice system.
Long delays in police investigations, medical examinations, prosecutions and trials are common in the region, reports of police officers refusing to file complaints or failing to investigate allegations are widespread while in four countries – Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka – survivors and other stakeholders spoke about the challenge of justice system officials being susceptible to bribery and corruption.
In rape cases, overly burdensome or discriminatory evidence is required; for example, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives and Sri Lanka all permit the use of evidence regarding the past sexual history of a rape victim.
In India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, researchers have also pointed out the “two finger test” – an unscientific, intrusive and retraumatizing vaginal examination performed on the premise that it can determine a victim’s sexual experience – continues to be conducted in medical examinations of women and girls who have been raped.
“Rape survivors and their families frequently face extreme pressure to withdraw criminal complaints and stay silent, and this includes being subjected to social stigma, victim blaming, threats, bribery, and retaliation including loss of employment, eviction, and further violence,” the report has stated.
Similarly, the survivors are coerced into dropping legal cases and accepting extra-legal settlements or compromises with perpetrators – in Bangladesh, India and Nepal over 60% of the survivors interviewed reported facing pressure to settle or compromise their case; in some instances, survivors do not then receive the compensation promised under these extra-legal agreements.
Though other South Asian countries have criminalized marital rape Bangladesh, Maldives, India and Sri Lanka have not criminalized yet.
There is lack of quality support services for survivors, with minimal access to safe houses, counselling or other types of psychosocial care besides poor provision of victim and witness protection schemes put survivors and their families at risk of coercion and further harm.
Compared to other ethnic groups survivors of sexual violence from socially excluded communities face even greater barriers to accessing justice as a consequence of caste, tribal, ethnic or religious prejudice and persecution.
“Though India and Nepal have passed specific laws aimed at preventing and redressing discrimination against certain socially excluded communities, more work is needed across the region to address this intersectional discrimination,” the report further states.
The Equality Now has called on the South Asian governments to take urgent action to address sexual violence, improve access to justice for survivors, and end impunity for perpetrators.
It has also said the countries in South Asia need to take comprehensive action to holistically address sexual violence faced by women and girls.
The report has also urged the governments across the region to address existing protection gaps in the law; improve police responses to cases of sexual violence; ensure survivor-friendly medical examinations in rape cases; improve prosecution procedures and trials of sexual offences; design and fund holistic interventions to improve access to justice for survivors and review laws and policies to ensure that the specific needs of all marginalized communities are met. for more information go to
By: Mithilesh Yadav
LAHAN, March 14: Teh Janatantrik Tarai Mukti Morcha (Revolutionary), an armed outfit led by Jaya Krishna Goit, has taken teh responsibility of a bomb blast at a government office in Siraha’s Lahan earlier today.
Releasing a press statement hours after the incident, Goit stated dat the blast was a part of his group’s ‘campaign against corruption’.
“We detonated a pressure cooker bomb at 12:47 PM as an action against corruption,” reads the statement. More stringent action will be taken if corruption continues, and the Government of Nepal and Provincial Government would be responsible for it, according to the outfit.
Earlier, police recovered pamphlets published by teh outfit from teh first floor of teh crowded office where teh bomb went off. Several pieces of pamphlets were found in such a condition dat it is hard to read wat is written on them, according to police.
t least seven people including a government employee were injured in the blast.
Courtesy: My Republica
Friends and relatives of the Dalit youth who died after allegedly being tortured by police in custody have continued their protest in Rautahat, saying they won’t accept the probe committee formed by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Bijay Kumar and six others were arrested on August 19 in connection to the death of Niranjan Ram, a local teenager, in Garuda Municipality. Nineteen-year-old Bijay died on August 26 and his family members have claimed that he was tortured in custody.
Police have been saying that Bijay died in the course of treatment for a kidney ailment.
However, a video of Bijay, which was taken in hospital prior to his death, shows him saying that he was indeed tortured by plainclothes police and forced to confess to the August 16 murder of 17-year-old Niranjan.
Bijay’s death has sparked protests in Rautahat. His family members, friends, local people and rights activists have been staging demonstrations in Garuda Bazar for the past one week.
Demonstrators took to the street in Garuda Bazaar on Monday demanding justice for Bijay. They also burnt the effigy of Gyan Kumar Mahato, the deputy superintendent of police at the Area Police Office in Garuda.
Chief District Officer of Rautahat Indra Dev Yadav said a three-member committee led by Dolendra Niraula, under-secretary at the Area Administration Office in Chandranigahapur, is investigating the case.
The demonstrators, however, doubt the committee will conduct a fair investigation. They have said that they won’t accept the committee, nor its findings.
“We cannot accept the committee which is represented by the local administration and the police,” said Dharmendra Pasawan, a local Dalit leader.
Family members and friends of Bijay have claimed that some police personnel in plainclothes deployed from the District Police Office had tortured him in custody.
Nathuram Pariyar, a Dalit leader, claimed that Police Inspector Nabin Singh and the head constable duo Munna Singh and Firoj Alam had tortured Bijay.
The three officers, Pariyar added, were deployed by Rabiraj Khadka, the police chief of Rautahat, in order to extract confession out of Bijay.
“There should be a fair investigation and Inspector Singh and the two other police personnel should be brought to book,” he demanded.
Pariyar also demanded that DSP Mahato and the other officers at Garuda Area Police Office should also face action.
Former lawmaker Bishwendra Pasawan has also been staging a sit-in in front of Garuda Area Police Office demanding a fair investigation into the case.
Meanwhile, a source at the Garuda Area Police Office said Inspector Singh’s team had tortured Bijay on August 18 and 19. The source also said that DSP Mahato had also informed DIG Dhiraj Pratap Singh, the chief of Province 2 police, about Inspector Singh visiting Bijay in detention room to inquire about the murder case.
After Bijay’s video became public, there has been an outcry on social media, calling for the removal of Inspector Singh.
Inspector Singh denied any wrongdoings. He said he had gone to Garuda for some other work and that he did not assault Bijay.
Following widespread protest, the Office of the Chief Attorney of Province 2 has recommended that the provincial police suspend the officers accused in the case.
Dipendra Jha, the chief attorney for the province, has also called for fair investigation into the case.