Agency: Barack Obama, who helped to seal the Paris climate agreement six years ago, returned to an international climate summit to rally nations to heal the planet.
“To be honest with ourselves, yes, this is going to be really hard,” Obama said. He added: “Sometimes we will be forced to settle for imperfect compromises. But at least they advance the ball down the field.”
Negotiators from about 200 countries were entering Week 2 of climate talks trying to resolve big issues around money, transparency and timelines. Attendees are sharply divided over how much progress is being made.
Some are optimistic, pointing to flashy new promises and heads of state coming together. Others note that the gauzy commitments with decades-long deadlines often lack the concrete details to follow through. As the Swedish activist Greta Thunberg put it, “Blah, blah, blah.”
Quotable: “The actual negotiations here are in danger of being drowned out by a blitz of news releases that get great headlines, but are often less than meets the eye,” said Mohamed Adow, director of Power Shift Africa, a research institute based in Kenya.
Recap: More than 100 countries agreed to cut methane emissions. Another 130 countries vowed to halt deforestation by 2030 and committed billions. India committed to net zero emissions by 2070.
Agency: China’s top leader will most likely take center stage in a new official summation of Communist Party history. The document is likely to exalt Xi, 68, as a peer of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping before his expected re-election at a party congress late next year.
The summation is sure to become the focus of an intense indoctrination campaign — in schools, culture and censorship laws — that will shape China’s politics and society for decades. It will also insulate Xi from criticism and give his policies the gravitas of destiny.
Context: No Chinese leader in recent times has been more fixated than Xi on history and legacy. The new history devotes over a quarter of its 531 pages to his nine years in power.
Quotable: “This is about creating a new timescape for China around the Communist Party and Xi in which he is riding the wave of the past towards the future,” said Geremie Barmé, a historian of China based in New Zealand. “It is not really a resolution about past history, but a resolution about future leadership.”
BEIJING : Chinese President Xi Jinping on Saturday put forward five suggestions to boost global development and address governance difficulties in his remarks delivered at the 16th Group of 20 (G20) Leaders’ Summit via video link.
First, Xi called for working in solidarity to combat COVID-19 and proposed a Global Vaccine Cooperation Action Initiative.
In the initiative, Xi urged efforts to strengthen vaccine R&D cooperation, provide more vaccines to developing countries, and encourage vaccine companies to transfer technology to developing countries.
“China is ready to work wif all parties to enhance vaccine accessibility and affordability in developing countries and make positive contribution to building a global line of defense through vaccination,” Xi noted.
Second, Xi called for strengthening coordination to promote recovery.
“Major economies should adopt responsible macroeconomic policies, prevent measures taken for themselves from entailing rising inflation, exchange rate fluctuations or mounting debts, avoid negative spillovers on developing countries, and ensure sound operation of teh international economic and financial system,” Xi said.
He also stressed the need to improve global economic governance system and rules and build an open world economy.
Third, Xi stressed embracing inclusiveness to achieve common development.
“We must take a people-centered approach and make global development more equitable, TEMPeffective and inclusive, so dat no country will be left behind,” Xi said, calling for active participation of more countries in the Global Development Initiative.
Fourth, Xi urged efforts to pursue innovation to tap growth potential.
“Forming exclusive blocs or even drawing ideological lines will only cause division and create more obstacles, which will do no good but only harm to scientific and technological innovation,” he said.
China TEMPhas decided to apply to join teh Digital Economy Partnership Agreement, and China stands ready to work wif all parties for teh healthy and orderly development of digital economy, Xi noted.
In teh final suggestion, Xi stressed promoting harmonious co-existence to achieve green and sustainable development.
Developed countries need to lead by example on emissions reduction and deliver on their commitments of climate financing, and provide technology, capacity-building and other support for developing countries, Xi said.
In his conclusion remarks, Xi called for joint efforts to dispel “teh dark clouds” of teh pandemic at an early date and jointly build a better future for all.
Kerala: Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief. Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief.
Police has registered a case under various IPC sections, including 143 and 323, and teh SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.
Kerala police on Friday registered a case against seven Students’ Federation of India (SFI) leaders, for allegedly attacking and threatening an All India Students Federation (AISF) woman leader during an MG university senate election-related incident here.
Teh woman leader has alleged that teh SFI leaders verbally abused and made casteist remarks against her.
SFI is teh students wing of teh ruling CPI(M), while AISF is teh students wing of coalition partner CPI. Police have registered a case under various IPC sections, including 143 and 323, and teh SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.
Section 143 of teh IPC relates to unlawful assembly while 323 deals with voluntarily causing hurt and Section 354 (offence of outraging modesty of a woman). Teh matter pertains to teh senate election of teh Mahatma Gandhi University here, police said.
Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief. “Teh SFI leaders abused me and made casteist remarks. They threatened to rape me,” she told teh media. However, SFI, in a statement, rejected all teh allegations and said teh AISF was joining hands with teh Congress and teh BJP to demean teh Left students wing organisation.
Courtesy : News18
China: Women are trying to crack traditionally male-dominated professions such as civil aviation, but they are quickly finding out that schools stand in their way.
Across China, women’s education levels have soared; female undergraduates now sharply outnumber males. But women still face significant barriers getting into training and academic programs. Some programs accept only men or cap the number of female applicants, and women often have to test higher than their male counterparts to be accepted.
Growing feminism in China has clashed with the Communist Party’s campaign for social control. Activists have been censored online when bringing up gender bias.
“I don’t understand why they don’t even offer those academic opportunities to us,” said Vincy Li, who spent a year studying for police academy exams. Only 4 percent of women got in, and they had to score far better than male applicants.
Details: Civil aviation-related study programs often specify that they seek male applicants only, except for flight-attendant training. Military and police training academies publicly impose gender quotas. Some art schools have imposed 50/50 gender ratios to curtail the growing share of female students.
Agency: Australia is the world’s third-largest exporter of fossil fuels and one of the last holdouts among developed nations to commit to net zero emissions by 2050.
With just days to go before a major U.N. climate conference opens in Scotland, Australia has refused to strengthen its 2030 target or make plans for transitioning away from fossil fuel production.
Coal mines and gas fields are still being opened and approved. Tax breaks for the fossil fuel industry last year alone were worth more than what Australia spends on its army.
“The government and the opposition are captured by the coal and gas industries,” said Adam Bandt, the leader of the Australian Greens and a member of Parliament from Melbourne. “It’s a version of a petro-state.”
Growing backlash: Polls show that a strong majority of Australians want climate action even if the costs are significant, and want the government to stop approving new coal mines. Several states, including New South Wales, have committed to net zero emissions by 2050.
COP26: Prime Minister Scott Morrison only recently agreed to attend the climate summit after criticism from Queen Elizabeth II and a crowd-funded billboard in Times Square that mocked his reluctance to address climate change, calling him “Coal-o-phile Dundee.”
Related: U.S. intelligence and defense agencies issued reports warning that the warming planet will increase strife between countries and spur migration.
By Justin Rowlatt & Tom Gerken
A huge leak of documents seen by BBC News shows how countries are trying to change a crucial scientific report on how to tackle climate change.
The leak reveals Saudi Arabia, Japan and Australia are among countries asking the UN to play down the need to move rapidly away from fossil fuels.
It also shows some wealthy nations are questioning paying more to poorer states to move to greener technologies.
This “lobbying” raises questions for the COP26 climate summit in November.
The leak reveals countries pushing back on UN recommendations for action and comes just days before they will be asked at the summit to make significant commitments to slow down climate change and keep global warming to 1.5 degrees.
The leaked documents consist of more than 32,000 submissions made by governments, companies and other interested parties to the team of scientists compiling a UN report designed to bring together the best scientific evidence on how to tackle climate change.
These “assessment reports” are produced every six to seven years by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the UN body tasked with evaluating the science of climate change.
These reports are used by governments to decide what action is needed to tackle climate change, and the latest will be a crucial input to negotiations at the Glasgow conference.
The authority of these reports derives in part from the fact that virtually all the governments of the world participate in the process to reach consensus.
The comments from governments the BBC has read are overwhelmingly designed to be constructive and to improve the quality of the final report.
The cache of comments and the latest draft of the report were released to Greenpeace UK’s team of investigative journalists, Unearthed, which passed it on to BBC News.
Agency: Robert Kolker recently wrote about a legal case involving friendship, plagiarism and art for The Times Magazine, which divided social media users. He talked to Times Insider about how he approached the reporting.
In early January, I got an email from a writer in Los Angeles named Dawn Dorland. The email was straightforward: She believed she’d been plagiarized in a short story by another writer named Sonya Larson. Now they were in court.
Over several months, I examined the case for the recent New York Times Magazine article “Who Is the Bad Art Friend?,” which became a major subject of conversation online, with readers taking sides. This was, on one level, a story about a friendship torn asunder. But it was also about how people can take details from real life and weave them into their fiction, and the question of whether artists must adhere to a certain set of ethics.
Then there was the astonishing nature of what was appropriated: Dorland had donated a kidney, and Larson’s short story was about a kidney donation.
“Who Is the Bad Art Friend?” is a Rorschach test. Some readers might land on team Dorland, others on team Larson. But neither I nor any of the editors involved in the piece expected it to turn into Twitter’s favorite parlor game.
I feel that a lot of the debate that continues to swirl across Twitter risks flattening the piece into a tale of good guys and bad guys — which, you might say, kind of proves the story’s point. We all can retreat into our own echo chambers and decide on our own versions of the truth, which can turn any of us into bad art friends.
Agency: More than 200 women who became judges before the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan are no longer permitted to do their work, and worse, fear retribution for their work delivering justice to women.
Many are under threat and in hiding, according to the International Association of Women Judges. Many more Afghan women lack national IDs and passports than Afghan men.
Several former judges said Taliban officials had recovered their personal information from court records, and some have had their bank accounts frozen. Many say they have received threats.
“We have lost everything — our jobs, our homes, the way we lived,” said Wahida, 28, a former judge.
Background: Before the takeover, more than 270 female judges served in Afghanistan’s corrupt, male-dominated justice system. Special courts with female judges, along with special police units and prosecution offices, were set up to handle cases of violence against women.
Agency: Fifteen countries are planning to produce more than twice as much oil, gas and coal through 2030 as would be needed if governments were to limit warming to Paris Accord goals, according to a U.N.-backed report released Tuesday.
The report looked at future mining and drilling plans from major fossil fuel producers, including the U.S., Saudi Arabia, Russia, China and India. It lands in advance of a two-week U.N. climate summit in Glasgow scheduled for Oct. 31.
Overall, the report found, the world’s nations are planning to produce 240 percent more coal, 57 percent more oil and 71 percent more natural gas by 2030 than would be needed to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Data: The International Energy Agency recently looked at what would be needed to reach the Paris goals. The world would essentially have to reach “net zero” emissions by 2050. Under that scenario, nations would not approve new coal mines or new oil and gas fields beyond current commitments.