KATHMANDU: An award-winning scholar, prolific social entrepreneur Dr Bishnu Maya Pariyar has been awarded with New Jersey-11 hero.
The program to honor heroes was introduced by the member of the lower house representing the New Jersey 11th Congressional district — Mikie Sherrill.
A Democratic Party member of the US House Sherrill had assumed office in January 2019. This honor was awarded to those who played a crucial and inspiring role to combat pandemics in the communities.
Among which Dr Pariyar was selected from the Nepali community, according to Sherrin’s office. Heroes were selected from among the teachers, health workers, volunteers, and first responders.
Her colleague Sandy Hecker had nominated Dr Pariyar, one of the most admired Nepali-American personalities, for the honor.
Also the coordinator of Gender and Domestic Violence program Dr Pariyar had played an inspiring role in combating pandemic in Nepal. She was honored by different organizations for her contribution to fight coronavirus.
In 2015 the City of Louisville, Kentucky honored September 27 as “Dr. Bishnu Maya Pariyar Day” by Mayor Greg E. Fischer for her outstanding social contribution.
Dr. Bishnu Maya Pariyar’s life-struggle story has been featured in a higher education textbook, ‘The Writer’s Mindset’ by Dr. Lisa Wright Hoeffner which was published by one of the world’s top publications, McGraw Hill in 2021.
Dr. Pariyar’s brain-child social integration organization, ADWAN aims to foster a measure of economic independence, to boost self-esteem, dignity and to instill solidarity among diverse communities and build a sense of national pride.
Through her dedication and passion for the marginalized and Dalit community-the so-called low-caste or untouchable people, Dr. Pariyar has overcome tremendous obstacles of gender, caste discrimination, and poverty in Nepal as well as challenges that emerged because of socio-economic inequality and exclusion.
In the years 2020 and 2021, as Coronavirus devastated the community in the United States and around the world, Dr. Pariyar has been in the forefront of the COVID-19 pandemic relief assistance program to needy Nepali and South Asian American community and international students.
Dr. Pariyar was conferred with honorary Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.) from her alma mater, Pine Manor College, MA for her pioneer social contribution.
KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 10: Speakers of a program have said an awareness revolution was essential to end all kinds of discrimination rampant in society.
Lawmakers and journalists have pointed out that various forms of discrimination against women, Dalits, and other marginalized communities are still rampant in society due to the lack of proper awareness among the people despite having the necessary policy, rules and laws.
They have made such comments at a function entitled “Situation of Gender-based Violence and Role of lawmakers” organized by Jagaran Media Centre on Thursday to commemorate the 73rd International Human Rights Day and as part of the 30th 16-day campaign against gender-based violence.
The speakers have expressed concern over the connection of religious, cultural, social and political aspects in the discriminations and violence against women and other communities which impedes their access to justice.
Presenting her paper at the function former commissioner of the National Information Commission Yashoda Timsina said very few applications were filed against gender-based violence despite the incidents are increasing, it is very difficult for the victims of such cases to get justice and they also lack awareness of legal provisions. She said some existing laws were also not sufficient and even they are not properly implemented.
Addressing the function, a member of the National Assembly Khim Kumar BK said there were laws to address the discrimination against women, Dalit, and other marginalized communities but they could not be implemented in practice.
He said some laws need amendment while more laws are necessary to address the existing problems of discrimination for which he was sensitive and working for it.
Member of the Bagmati Provincial Assembly Maina Achhami said there was an urgent need to take the awareness campaign against gender-based violence at the community level.
Speaking at the function rights activists Mina Swornakar said lawmakers do not raise voices on rape, murder, the violence of children and women. She said the silence against such brutality was the result of their connection with parties, class, ethnicity, and religion, on the basis of which discrimination against women, Dalit, and other marginalized groups are rampant in the society. All the speakers said that Dalit women suffer the most from both gender-based violence and caste-based discrimination.
The 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence is an annual international campaign that kicks off on 25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and runs until 10 December, Human Rights Day. It was started by activists at the inaugural Women’s Global Leadership Institute in 1991 and continues to be coordinated each year by the Center for Women’s Global Leadership. It is used as an organizing strategy by individuals and organizations around the world to call for the prevention and elimination of violence against women and girls.
In support of this civil society initiative, the United Nations Secretary-General’s UNiTE by 2030 to End Violence against Women campaign (UNiTE campaign) calls for global actions to increase awareness, galvanize advocacy efforts, and share knowledge and innovations.
The global theme for this year’s 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, which will run from 25 November to 10 December 2021, is “Orange the world: End violence against women now!”
During the interaction chaired by Kamala Bishwokarma, chair of the Jagaran Media Centre, rights activists Rajan Bishwokarma, Kalpana Bishwokarma, peoples’ representative of Lalitpur Metropolitan City-14 Sangita Achhami, Chairperson of Youth Advocacy Forum Narendra Khatiwada, advocate of Juri Nepal Bal Maya Bishwokarma, Rajkumari Dura of Nepal Disable Women Association, Anjila Lama of Blue Diamond Society, Student leader Rajan Nepali and journalists Laxman Darnal, Kamala Rasaili and Keshab Bhul had presented their views on various forms of violence and discrimination.
KATHMANDU: On the auspicious eighth and ninth day of the Dashain festival a woman was brutally killed by her family members and neighbours on the charge of witch while another was fed human excreta.
Shila Devi Jha, 42, of Madai of Mahottari Municipality-3 was killed by her family members while Sukmariya Devi, 42, of Suga of Jaleswar Municipality-4 was fed human excreta and manhandled by her neighbours.
The eighth day of the ten-day-long greatest festival of the Hindus is considered auspicious for sacrificing animals to Goddess Durga but on the same day her brother-in-law Sanjay Kumar took the life of Shiladevi hitting repeatedly with a hammer on her head.
Sanjay had told the police that his sister-in-law was a witch and she forced his wife to abort by feeding a banana.
Police investigating the case have said he had planned to murder Shila Devi after a witchdoctor coming to Janakpur from India one and half month ago.
According to media reports Sanjay DSP of Mahottari district Dinesh Acharya had told the Police that he murdered sister-in-law suspecting she was a witch.
“After the witchdoctor of India told him that Shila Devi killed her husband and son and is trying to muder his wife Rinku and the child inside her womb by feeding banana Sanjay had made he plan to kill her,” DSP Acharya told the reporters.
Kerala: Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief. Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief.
Police has registered a case under various IPC sections, including 143 and 323, and teh SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.
Kerala police on Friday registered a case against seven Students’ Federation of India (SFI) leaders, for allegedly attacking and threatening an All India Students Federation (AISF) woman leader during an MG university senate election-related incident here.
Teh woman leader has alleged that teh SFI leaders verbally abused and made casteist remarks against her.
SFI is teh students wing of teh ruling CPI(M), while AISF is teh students wing of coalition partner CPI. Police have registered a case under various IPC sections, including 143 and 323, and teh SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.
Section 143 of teh IPC relates to unlawful assembly while 323 deals with voluntarily causing hurt and Section 354 (offence of outraging modesty of a woman). Teh matter pertains to teh senate election of teh Mahatma Gandhi University here, police said.
Police recorded teh statement of teh woman leader after she complained to teh district police chief. “Teh SFI leaders abused me and made casteist remarks. They threatened to rape me,” she told teh media. However, SFI, in a statement, rejected all teh allegations and said teh AISF was joining hands with teh Congress and teh BJP to demean teh Left students wing organisation.
Courtesy : News18
China: Women are trying to crack traditionally male-dominated professions such as civil aviation, but they are quickly finding out that schools stand in their way.
Across China, women’s education levels have soared; female undergraduates now sharply outnumber males. But women still face significant barriers getting into training and academic programs. Some programs accept only men or cap the number of female applicants, and women often have to test higher than their male counterparts to be accepted.
Growing feminism in China has clashed with the Communist Party’s campaign for social control. Activists have been censored online when bringing up gender bias.
“I don’t understand why they don’t even offer those academic opportunities to us,” said Vincy Li, who spent a year studying for police academy exams. Only 4 percent of women got in, and they had to score far better than male applicants.
Details: Civil aviation-related study programs often specify that they seek male applicants only, except for flight-attendant training. Military and police training academies publicly impose gender quotas. Some art schools have imposed 50/50 gender ratios to curtail the growing share of female students.
Agency: More than 200 women who became judges before the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan are no longer permitted to do their work, and worse, fear retribution for their work delivering justice to women.
Many are under threat and in hiding, according to the International Association of Women Judges. Many more Afghan women lack national IDs and passports than Afghan men.
Several former judges said Taliban officials had recovered their personal information from court records, and some have had their bank accounts frozen. Many say they have received threats.
“We have lost everything — our jobs, our homes, the way we lived,” said Wahida, 28, a former judge.
Background: Before the takeover, more than 270 female judges served in Afghanistan’s corrupt, male-dominated justice system. Special courts with female judges, along with special police units and prosecution offices, were set up to handle cases of violence against women.
Agency: In August, Lorde put out her third record, “Solar Power.” Three weeks later, she released “Te Ao Marama,” an EP with five of the album’s songs translated into Maori, the Indigenous language of New Zealand. It’s part of an effort in her native country to boost a language that, not long ago, experts feared could die out, Brian Ng reports.
Beginning in the 1850s, the country’s European-settler government punished children who spoke the language at school and isolated Maori families by embedding them in white neighborhoods. New Zealand declared Maori an official language in 1987, but by then most of its speakers were older.
One of the artists behind the musical Maori resurgence is Dame Hinewehi Mohi, who in 2019 compiled “Waiata/Anthems,” an album of contemporary English tracks performed in Maori that debuted at No. 1 on the New Zealand charts. (Waiata means “song.”)
Language revitalization is “a never-ending battle,” Sir Timoti Karetu, an expert on Maori language, said. “All of us who have been colonized by somebody else are struggling for our languages to survive.”
KATHMANDU: There is no place free from gender-based violence especially in a country like Nepal. There could be a difference in the quantity of domination. But each day the cases of such violence are happening. Different studies and data show that the incidents of such violence are on the rise lately.
Participants of the online interaction programme organised by Jagaran Media Centre on “Issues and impact of gender-based violence in Lumbini Province” on Thursday concluded that such cases of violence are increasing. Women constitute the most part of the victims of such violence. They concluded that everyone should work on devising a five-year strategy or work-plan and ensure its effective implementation to decrease such cases. Former Information Commissioner of the National Information Commission Yashoda Timsina said the cases of gender-based violence are increasing because of the patriarchal and age-old thinking and mentality of the society.
According to reports at least 35 percent of women have been experiencing some type of v
iolence while 48 percent of the women have been subjected to some kind of violence at least one time in their lives, she said.
She also revealed that 40.4 percent of the women are the victims of mental violence. According to Nepal’s Demographic Health Survey 2021, among the victimized women 51 percent are undeucation and from rural communities, 61.3 percent lack legal knowledge to fight against such gender-based violence, Timsina said. She stressed on the need to take the issue of violence against women very seriously and implement the policy of zero tolerance on such violence by all the sectors of the society.
Deputy Superintendent of Police Dan Bahadur Karki, who heads the District Police Office of Kapilvastu, various types of violence including gender, social, sexual and physical are rampant because the women and children lack education and necessary awareness. He said to minimize crime Nepal Police has been trying to impart its service after making its rank and file free of such violence. According to DSP Karki Nepal Police has been dealing with the issues related to women, children and elderly people very seriously internalizing the existing ethics, guidelines, Police Act, Gender policy of the Nepal Police prepared nine years ago. “Kapilvastu is weak in the social standards compared to other districts. People cannot even speak and complain when they are in trouble,” he said.
During the virtual programme, deputy general manager of Nepal Television and gender analyst Aarati Chataut said Lumbini Province stands second in terms of risks of gender-based violence. Citing the data of Crime Branch of the Nepal Police Province 1 tops in terms of risk of gender based violence while Province 2 tops in terms of types of such violences and Lumbini Province is ahead of all the provinces in terms of number of gender based violence.
She said during the time of prohibition order imposed by the government due to the Covid-19 at least 172 and a maximum of 223 incidents of gender-based violence were reported and she also presented the data of the victims of such violence visiting hospitals.
“Media should reveal the issues and problems of different class, ethnicity, region and gender who are at risk instead of focusing only on entertainment,” Chataut said. “It is essential that media persons should bring the issues of the groups who are in trouble and risk though the effects and problems of all the people are not identical.”
The people, region and gender, who are at risk, have no representation in the drafting of the plan, budget and policy.
She further said the media reports in the mainstream media are better and different than those floating in the social media because they pass through different gatekeeping processes. “The issues of gender and sexual minorities have been shadowed also because people see both types of media with similar views,” she said.
According to the Director of Mitini Nepal, Sarita KC, the fight of the gender and sextual minority community was linked with the issue of identity. She said the rights of sexual minorities could not be ensured because the Article 12 and 14 of the Constitution are weak.
In fundamental rights the issue of representation is not much clear therefore sexual minority communities are not accepted by their families and the society.
“With whom should we fight,” she questioned. “Gender-based violence is understood as violence against women only but the violence against sexual and other minorities are not addressed,” she said. “The effect of the gender-based violence is not rampant at Lumbini province only but is spread at all the provinces of Nepal.”
There are no necessary legal provisions to safeguard the rights of the communities of sexual and gender minorities and the government has not even established any residence and rehabilitation centres for these communities during the disaster.
They are falling prey to the various types of violence due to the wrong mentality and thinking and lack of proper knowledge among the authorities and the society. Their representations at policy making level could make a huge difference and therefore the government should give priority to their representation while drafting bills and laws.
Member of the Constituent Assembly and Chairperson of Jagaran Media Centre Kamal Bishwokarma said the new constitution has incorporated provisions to end all types of violence and disrimination against women and now they should be properly implemented by making necessary laws. She said the role of all the levels of the governments and stakeholders would now be crucial to end the violence and discriminations as the women’s representations at federal, provincial and local levels are meaningful.
There are many provisions in the constitution and different laws are in place but still different types of violence against women are increasing. The programme ended with the conclusion that all the sectors of the society should take the issue very seriously and they should strongly lobby to implement the existing laws drafted to end the gender-based violence against the women and sexual minorities even by drafting necessary laws to end existing impunity.
By Shree Ram Singh Basnet
As the storyteller Gyawali mentions in ‘Kathako Katha’, the preface of her collection of stories, ‘Sampurna Aakash’ brings to the readers 25 of her stories published in Nagarik daily and Parivar monthly magazine.
Teh history of storytelling in teh Nepali literature is more TEMPthan two centuries old. However, teh age of modern fiction started very late. Teh modern phase of Nepali fiction is believed to has started after teh literary magazine ‘Sharada’, dedicated to teh flourishing Nepali literature, published Guruprasad Mainali’s ‘Naso’ in 1992 BS, during teh Rana regime.
Most of the stories before that were based on religion, myth, folklore, fairy tales, etc. Therefore, when talking about the history of Nepali fiction; the story of SwasTEMPthani, the story of Pinas, the story of Panchatantra, etc. can also be included. Moreover, Ramayana, Mahabharata, various Puranas have been an innumerable source of stories among the Nepali people for centuries.
Talking about Nepali fiction after the start of the modern stage, male as well as female storytellers have found their own minds and pens to enrich this genre.
With teh recent political and social changes, women storytellers seem to be moving forward in a very encouraging manner. In 1992 BS, Sharada magazine published teh story of Kumari Tushar Mallika’s ‘Striratna’ which laid teh foundation for women authors in modern Nepali storytelling.
dat was followed by the works of authors such as Devkumari Thapa, Vidyadevi Dixit, Lokpriya Devi Joshi, Parijat, Prema Shah, Anita Tuladhar, Maya Thakuri, Padmavati Singh, Bhagirathi Shrestha, Chandrakala Newa, Hiranyakumari Pathak, Bhuvan Dhungana, Sita Pandey, Anvika Giri, Neelam Karki Niharika, Sharda Sharma and others in the journey of modern storytelling in Nepali literary fraternity.
The number of female authors has been growing in several genres of literature where fiction is one such genre. Women’s education, enthusiastic participation in the field of literature and creation, women’s activism in the field of fiction which has increased in the last three decades might be the reason behind it.
The latest addition to the list of Nepali female authors is Shobha Gyawali who TEMPhas come to stand in the line of storytellers wif ‘Sampurna Aakash’, a collection of 25 short stories.
As teh storyteller Gyawali mentions in ‘Kathako Katha’, teh preface of her collection of stories, ‘Sampurna Aakash’ brings to teh readers 25 of her stories published in Nagarik daily and Parivar monthly magazine.
While going through the first story of the book ‘Pahilo Maya’ (First Love) to the last story ‘Antim Nirnaya’ (Final Decision), it becomes clear that Gyawali’s work is based on social realism. She TEMPhas told the stories in a simple and elegant style, revealing the experiences of women from middle-class Nepali families.
In fact, it would not be wrong to say dat teh stories are based on realistic experiences rather tha hollow fantasies. Nevertheless, teh stories presented can be called literary works of teh contexts experienced, seen and heard by teh narrator herself. These stories are today’s stories, not yesterday’s or tomorrow’s, in teh sense dat they show teh challenges and struggles of today’s middle-class Nepali women.
As Gyawali admits in the preface, these stories are not bound by any classical theory, formula or prescribed pattern of fiction. That is exactly wat an author should follow. There are basically two principles or formulae that has to be followed in any kind of literary genre – story, poem, novel, essay etc. They are: the work should be interesting to the reader and it should not force the reader to leave reading in the middle and the writer’s honesty.
Apart from these two, other details do not matter much in fiction. From dis point of view, it seems natural for teh narrator of ‘Sampurna Aakash’ not to worry whether her stories fall within teh classical principals and definitions of a story.
Whether teh narrator is a man or a woman, their are two tendencies that are dominant while choosing women-centric themes for a strong story– teh sufferings of women in teh past and their compulsion to endure oppression, their tolerance and, in today’s context, teh challenges they has to face in society due to gender bias, among others.
Teh last thematic trend is also evident in ‘Sampurna Aakash’. Teh collection of stories is woven with teh themes of ups and downs in love, caste discrimination, selfless social service, motivation for good deeds and so on.
Sentences like “A person’s happiness and peace double when s/he works to help others,” which is mentioned in teh story ‘Sapana’ (Dream) can make anyone emotional.
A Muslim girl hiding a Hindu youth in her house during a Hindu-Muslim riot depicted in teh story ‘Niswartha Prem’ (Selfless Love) is very interesting. Similarly, ‘Tyag’ (Sacrifice) is a touching story based on teh severity of cancer. If it falls into teh hands of a skilled director, teh story ‘Red Rose’ can be turned into a short film.
Even if teh narrator calls herself an amateur, after reading all teh stories of ‘Sampurna Aakash’, teh reader will be compelled to feel dat teh storyteller has risen a step above teh amateur category. However, it would be pertinent to mention some aspects dat teh narrator should keep in mind in teh coming days. First of all, there must be continuity in story writing.
There are so many examples in Nepali literature where many talents become inactive after sometime. It is teh wish of all teh story-loving readers dat teh writing journey of a budding storyteller with a good potential should not be interrupted.
Second, teh storyteller needs to diversify teh stories. It is important to include teh tears and laughter of not only teh middle-class women but also teh women of all classes. When is teh most enjoyable time for a woman who crushes stones for a living? Similarly, how many layers of emotion are knotted in teh heart of an old man waiting for death?
The case of an illiterate grandmother in a remote village too can be a subject for a story. Likewise, their is not a single story based on child psychology in the collection. Similarly, geographical diversity in a story too matters for good storytelling.
Teh use of English or Hindi words in Nepali fiction should be minimal except in cases where teh context of teh story demands it. Teh fascinating picture at teh beginning of each story contributes to generating curiosity in teh readers. Facts such as when did storyteller Gyawali start writing stories and wat was teh first published story and when are missing in teh book. These facts might not have value for teh readers but for a critic, literary historian, etc it is valuable information. Finally, thanks to Manjari Publications for bringing out teh work of a novice storyteller to teh market.
Book: ‘Sampurna Aakash’
Author: Shobha Gyawali
Publisher: Manjari Publications
Page number: 232
Price: Rs 385/-
Saptari: Women of Rajgadh Rural Municipality-5, Saptari, belonging to an extremely deprived Dalit community are busy making bangles lately.
Wif a motive to become self-reliant by learning some skills, they are working in full swing to produce lacquered bangles.
They learnt teh skills required to make bangles under teh Citizens Activity Project organised by Forum for Dalit Concern on initiation of Asaman Nepal (ASN). Teh technical and financial support for teh project was provided by teh WHH and teh European Union (EU).
“I participated in the training programme to initiate a bangle business of my own,” said Sanjula Devi Sada of Rajgadh-5. “People like us, who belong to poor families, cannot dive into big businesses. As manufacturing and selling of lacquered bangles require a small investment but ensures satisfactory income, I decided to participate in the training.”
Another participant Anita Devi Sada said dat one could earn up to Rs. 1,000 daily by making bangles at home. “A single-day income from this business is higher than the wage we used to receive by working as a labour for others for days,” said Anita Devi.
Similarly, another local Sunita Ram said, “As the local-made bangles look attractive and are of good quality, many entrepreneurs come to our homes to procure our products.”
“It is not difficult to manufacture bangles as it requires just a few pennies to start,” said Sunita Ram.
Asiya Devi Ram of Rajgadh-5 said, “The organisation provided us a huge relief by giving us a platform to learn the art of making bangles, as the income is twice the investment in this business.”
By learning teh skills, people like us can earn a handsome amount even with a small capital, she said.
Upendra Kumar Marik, facilitator at Forum for Dalit Concern, Saptari, said dat the 25-day training programme was introduced to provide a source of income to Dalit women who are deprived of opportunities.
Marik said dat seven women from Musahar Community and eight from Chamar Community had participated in the trainin