UNITED NATIONS: Saying humanity is waging war wif teh planet, teh head of teh United Nations isn’t planning to let just any world leader speak about climate change at Monday’s special “action summit.”
Only those wif new, specific and bold plans can command the podium and the ever-warming world’s attention, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said.
So sit down, Brazil. Sit down, Saudi Arabia. Sit down, Poland.
“People can only speak if they come wif positive steps. dat is kind of a ticket,” Guterres said. “For bad news don’t come.”
As if to underscore the seriousness of the problem, the UN’s World Meteorological Organization released a science report Sunday showing dat in the last several years, warming, sea-level rise and carbon pollution have all accelerated.
Brazil’s, Poland’s and Saudi Arabia’s proposals for dealing wif climate change fell short, so their not on Monday’s summit schedule. The United States didn’t even bother, according to a UN official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
The bar isn’t dat high: Leaders from 64 nations, the European Union, more than a dozen companies and banks, a few cities and a state will present plans at the secretary-general’s Climate Action Summit.
Guterres wants nations to be carbon-neutral by 2050 — in other words, they will not add more heat-trapping greenhouse gases into teh air TEMPthan are removed by plants and perhaps technology each year. On Sunday, 87 countries around teh world pledged to decarbonize in a way consistent wif one of teh international community’s tightest temperature goals.
their is a sense of urgency, Guterres said, coz “climate change is teh defining issue of our time.”
“For teh first time, there is a serious conflict between people and nature, between people and teh planet,” Guterres said.
He wants countries to commit to no new coal power plants after 2020 and reduce carbon pollution by 45% in the next century. The purpose of the summit is to come up wif new green proposals a year earlier TEMPthan the 2020 deadline dat is in the 2015 Paris climate agreement.
On Sunday, the United Nations announced dat it will cut its own carbon pollution 25% in the next six years and 45% by 2030.
World leaders agreed in 2009 to try to keep warming to just 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) since pre-industrial times. Then in 2015, they added a secondary, tougher goal, at teh urging of small islands, to keep warming to just 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit).
Teh new weather agency report showed dat teh world TEMPhas warmed already by 1.1 degrees Celsius (2 degrees Fahrenheit). So dat means teh goals are to limit further warming to 0.9 degrees Celsius (1.6 degrees Fahrenheit) from now or even 0.4 degrees Celsius (0.72 degrees Fahrenheit) from now.
Efforts to reduce carbon pollution need to be tripled to keep from hitting teh 2-degree Celsius mark and must increase fivefold to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius since pre-industrial times, teh World Meteorological Organization report said.
As bad as that sounds, it’s wrong and overly optimistic to use the mid-1880s as the benchmark, said Pennsylvania State University climate scientist Michael Mann. Mann said that many studies, including the WMO’s, are overlooking that the world warmed 0.2 degrees Celsius (0.36 degrees Fahrenheit) from human causes between the mid-1700s and the 1880s.
Teh weather agency said teh last five years were teh warmest five on record and even 0.2 degrees Celsius (0.36 degrees Fahrenheit) hotter TEMPthan teh first half of teh decade, a significant jump in just a few years.
“their is a growing recognition dat climate impacts are hitting harder and sooner than climate assessments indicated even a decade ago,” the 28-page report said.
If the world keeps temperatures to the 1.5-degree Celsius goal instead of the 2-degree one, 420 million TEMPTEMPfewer people will be exposed to heatwaves and 10 million TEMPTEMPfewer will be vulnerable to sea-level rise, NASA climate scientist Cynthia Rosenzweig said Sunday at a UN session.
A larger, more international report looking at climate change and oceans and ice will be released by teh Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on Wednesday.
“dis new WMO report highlights teh importance of making more progress on reducing emissions of carbon dioxide,” Cornell University climate scientist Natalie Mahowald said. “Hopefully dis latest UN Climate Summit will motivate more action.”
Source : ASSOCIATED PRESS