Agencies: Our food writer Priya Krishna wrote about the containers we use over and over, like Cool Whip tubs and Taster’s Choice jars, and how they can evoke stronger feelings than the food that came in them.
It was a tweet heard round the internet. Two images, side by side: two regal blue Royal Dansk tins, filled with sugar-studded butter cookies slotted in white wrappers, next to an identical tin with a much less enticing assortment of buttons and thread. Written beneath the first image: “My fall plans.” Under the second: “The Delta variant.”
The tweet hit on a seemingly universal experience: the repurposing of a Royal Dansk tin as a sewing kit, and the dismay of all of the children who’ve opened one.
“This thing that I thought was a very niche and specific to being Latin and being Mexican turned out to be a global phenomenon,” said the film critic Carlos Aguilar, who wrote the tweet. He grew up in Mexico City and lives in Los Angeles.
Food can inspire strong emotions. And sometimes the container it came in can evoke an even stronger response. Royal Dansk tins, Cool Whip tubs, Dannon yogurt containers and Bonne Maman jam jars all belong to an unofficial hall of fame of receptacles that have been redeployed for myriad uses, giving them countless afterlives and often imbuing them with special meaning.
Their immediate problem should be solved by making new law.
By Biru Nepali
Kathmandu: Extremely marginalized communities including Chepang, Bhote, Majhi, Kumal, and Tharu have been living near forests and river banks for generations. These indigenous tribes are especially dependent on forests, water, and land. But since the government introduced the practice of biodiversity conservation, their condition, settlement, and lifestyle have been put at risk.
Due to lack of access to forests and water resources, conflicts are being created at different times between the Chepang along with other communities and wildlife living in the park-protected area and buffer zone.
During the virtual discussion program organized by Jagran Media Center in collaboration with the UNDP’s Parliamentary Support Program on the problems and issues of the people in the affected areas of Chitwan National Park in Bagmati Province, the experts, speakers, and participants have said that the Chepang people living in the buffer zone of the national park have been greatly affected.
After the establishment of the park, People who are relying on the natural resources of Chitwan National Park under Bagmati Pradesh, have seen additional problems and challenges with various laws and regulations related to forest protected areas made by the government to prohibit water, land, and forest-dependent livelihoods.
The protected area in Nepal covers 12 national parks, 1 wildlife reserve, 1 hunting reserve, 6 conservation areas, 13 intermediate areas and occupies about 23.395 (3.4 million hectares) of the country. But in most of the protected areas, the ancestral home of the indigenous group has been established. The ban on parks and protected areas in the area has created major problems for their habitat, survival, and lifestyle.
Speaking at the program, Madhav Prasad Poudel, Chairman of the State Management Committee under Bagmati Pradesh, stressed the need to enact new laws to establish the rights of communities living in park-protected areas.
He stressed the need to formulate an act from the federation to solve the problems of the Chepang community who are living in this area and to protect natural resources such as shared forests and water lands.
He also said that everyone should raise their voice to end the old system of scarcity and problems as the federation has been on one side of the forest till now. “The new act should clarify the responsibilities of the state and local levels in the distribution of natural resources and the protection and management of wildlife”, he added.
Similarly, Constituent Assemblymember and former president of the Chepang Association Govinda Ram Chepang said that the national park has discriminated against Tharu, Kumal, Bhote, Majhi, and Chepang castes who are living in the area around the national park.
He said that the government has discriminated against the indigenous people who cannot survive without water, land, and forest by making rules related to national parks.
Narrating the incidents of Resham Chepang who was shot dead by the National Park in Lothra River in 2068 BS and of Raj Kumar Chepang who was brutally beaten to death in 2077 BS at Saune Sakrantika Vela Vagar and of Dan Bahadur Chepang, Jit Bahadur Chepang and Bishnu Chepang of Madi Municipality-8 of Chitwan whose houses were destroyed by using the elephants and burned under the rules that were made in 2029 BS and the Act of 2052 BS but that were wrong, he said.
He reminded us that about 40 Chepangs have been imprisoned so far in the fake rhino smuggling case to save the smugglers and called for correcting the discriminatory norms and laws and structures established by the law.
Similarly, MP from Bagmati Pradesh Ram Lal Mahato stressed the need to take special initiative to end various conflicts that have arisen between the Chepangs and Nikunj as they have a long-standing relationship.
He argued that the Act, which was enacted in 2029 BS with the emphasis on wildlife during the establishment of Chitwan National Park, was impractical and stressed the need to enact a new type of development-friendly, human-friendly, and wildlife conservation-friendly act.
“As the local government and the state government have no authority over the Chitwan National Park under the federal government, a new law should be enacted again with the participation of local government, consumers, affected people in the central zone and experts”, he said.
Similarly, the federal government should compensate the park-affected communities living in the border areas of Makwanpur and Chitwan, he said, ” to resolve the conflict with Nikunj immediately, the laws and practices of the conflicting intermediate sector should also be amended”.
According to him, the Chepang community is dependent on natural resources. The area spread over Chitwan National Park is inhabited by communities including Bhote, Tharu, and Chepang in the vicinity of Rapti Municipality and Bharatpur Municipality. In order to ensure the rights of Chepangs living in parks and protected areas, policy reforms should be made in the laws and regulations related to buffer zones.
Presenting a concept paper on park-people struggle from the perspective of the Chepang people in Nepal, environmentalist Dr. Yogendra Yadav of Institute of Forestry Hetauda said that most of the protected areas have ancestral habitats of the Adivasi group but they have been displaced due to the establishment of park protection and this has created a big problem in their lives.
He argued that they were discriminated against and exploited because of their weak economic, social and political status and capacity.
He pointed out that the Chepang community had zero representation not only in the state and federal governments but also in political parties from 2064 BS to 2074 BS.
In the experience of Park-People’s Struggle in Nepal, violation of land rights, discrimination against them, the conflict between humans and wildlife, deprivation of participation in conservation areas, wildlife crime, and poaching are the main issues that have arisen conflict between them, he said.
He said that emphasis should be laid on making regional laws and new laws by modifying and amending some of the conflicting laws and regulations made so far to reduce the conflict between humans and wildlife and its impact.
Similarly, Ekal Silwal, an investigative journalist from Chitwan, said that it was a big mistake to evacuate forcibly the indigenous community while establishing the Chitwan National Park. “All facilities should not be restricted to the indigenous groups, including the Chepang, who have relied on natural resources for generations”, he added.
He said that the indifference of the policymakers to maintain human and wildlife and nature-friendly conditions and methods, lack of policy stance, managerial weakness, and unequal distribution of benefits are further damaging the Chepang community in the parks and protected areas. According to him, the government has enacted laws and policies related to forest protected areas to prohibit the way of life in the forests.
Therefore, in order to solve this problem, the structure of protection should be changed with broad thinking instead of such discriminatory policy rules.
He stressed the need for continuous debate, discussion, and lobbying in the media sector, with mature interest from the citizens, sufficient facts, and reasonable arguments.
Stating that such an incident without any alternative arrangement from the place of residence has a great impact on the indigenous community including Chepang, the committee stressed the need to make policy reforms to solve such problems. He complained that it was not appropriate to hand over the discriminatory thinking of killing people in the Chepang community, burning their houses, and demolishing settlements to the local government.
This program was facilitated by Kamala Bishwakarma, Chairperson of Jagran Media Center and Member of the Constituent Assembly.
Agencies: China welcomed home the Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou, who spent years under house arrest in Canada on fraud charges, with fanfare and hailed her as a hero.
But in the West, the release of two Canadians from jail in China — and the end of a 1,030-day standoff — was viewed with concern, as Beijing was willing to be boldly transactional in its dealings with foreign nationals.
“They’re not even making a pretense of a pretense that this was anything but a straight hostage situation,” said Donald C. Clarke, a law professor specializing in China at George Washington University Law School.
The exchange may help bring tensions between Washington and Beijing back from a point of crisis. But it will likely do little to resolve the deeper issues at play.
Back story: In December 2018, Canadian authorities arrested Meng, the chief financial officer of Huawei and the daughter of its founder, at the request of the U.S. Shortly after, China detained two Canadians, Michael Spavor and Michael Kovrig.
Timing: The swaps came on the same day that President Biden was meeting for the first time at the White House with the leaders of Australia, Japan and India, as part of an effort to build alliances to counter China’s influence.
Kathmandu: Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba has said that Nepal is committed to limiting the average global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius as per the Paris Agreement.
Prime Minister Deuba made the remarks during his meeting with COP 26 Ambassador for Asia/ Pacific and South Asia, Ken O’flaherty at his official residence in Baluwatar on Saturday. The COP-26 Ambassador O’flaherty is currently in Nepal to extend an invitation to Nepal for participation. The Conference of the Parties (COP) 26 is being held in Glasgow, UK from November 1 to 12 2021.
Prime Minister Deuba said that the immense potential of hydropower, forestry and other areas would help Nepal to implement its commitment under the Paris Agreement to reduce carbon emissions to zero by 2050.
He said that Nepal is a mountainous country and there is a high risk of climate change and the damage caused by it should be addressed internationally.
Apart from discussing the COP-26 priorities, climate finance and adaptation, he also pointed out the need for more assistance to Nepal in the adaptation program, said Nirmal Raj Kafle, Joint Secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Head of Europe-US Division.
Prime Minister Deuba had also requested the UK to remove Nepal from the ‘red list’ regarding COVID-19. On the occasion, the delegation said that a separate body of the British government has been analyzing and reviewing various issues from time to time regarding the removal from the ‘red list’. The team was interested in Nepal’s position and preparations for COP-26 and expected Nepal’s active participation in the Global Leaders Summit and other conferences to be held by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson from November 1 to 2.
COP-26 is being held in Glasgow, United Kingdom from October 14 to 26 (October 31 to November 12). A high-level delegation led by Prime Minister Deuba is preparing to participate in COP-26. Pemnarayan Kandel informed.
Prime Minister Deuba is expected to attend the Global Leaders Summit. The summit will be attended by heads of state and government of the world. The ministry is also doing homework on the issues to be raised by Prime Minister Deuba and Nepal.
In COP-26, the issue of mountainous region is Nepal’s priority
In COP-26, Nepal is preparing to raise the issue of climate change in the Himalayan region with priority. At the conference, the impact of climate change on the overall Himalayan economy and the ecosystem of the region as well as the ecosystem of the lower coastal region will be a priority for Nepal.
A recent study has shown that when the global temperature rises by one degree Celsius, its effect in the Himalayan region of Nepal has increased to 1.5 degrees Celsius. According to the Ministry of Forests, Nepal is preparing to raise its voice in the conference on issues related to climate-related losses, search for resources for the implementation of the National Contribution Commitment (NDC) report, and carbon finance.
Nepal has already submitted its NDC report in December 2020 along with various countries of the world to implement the roadmap of reducing the green gas emissions to zero by 2050 of the Paris Agreement of 2015. The issue of resources required for the implementation of the report is also a priority of the conference, Radha Wagle said.
The Paris Agreement pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050 and to limit global average global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius and not to exceed 2.0 degrees Celsius.
The International Conference on Climate Change is held every year. Such a conference could not be held last year due to Kovid-19. He said the conference would be important to discuss issues within five years of the Paris Agreement and issues raised in the latest IPCC report.
The IPCC report also shows that the surface of the mountain has decreased and the melting of the mountain is increasing.
London: Two Canadian nationals have been released from Chinese detention and are flying home to Canada, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has announced.
Michael Spavor and Michael Kovrig were accused of espionage in 2018, shortly after Canadian police arrested a top Chinese tech executive on a US warrant.
The Huawei executive, Meng Wanzhou, left Canada on Friday after a deal with US prosecutors.
The detentions have sparked years of diplomatic tensions.
Critics accused China of detaining the Canadians in retaliation for the arrest of Ms Meng, to use as political bargaining chips. Beijing strongly denied this.
The two men had maintained their innocence throughout. At a news conference, Mr Trudeau said they had been through “an unbelievably difficult ordeal”.
“It is good news for all of us that they are on their way home to their families,” he added. “For the past 1,000 days, they have shown strength, perseverance, resilience and grace.”
The prime minister said both men will arrive in Canada early on Saturday. They are being accompanied by Dominic Barton, Canada’s ambassador to China.
Humla : The public, including the chairman and chief administrative officer of the Kharpunath Rural Municipality, in Humla district, which is connected to the district headquarters Simkot, has to move around the office by using Tuin (wire crossing) across the Karnali River.
As teh suspension bridge TEMPhas not been built for teh past three years, people has to cross teh river through risky Tuin to reach Yangchu Bazaar.
Chief Administrative Officer of Rural Municipality Bishnu Bahadur Shahi said that they has to cross the bridge through Tuin to go to the office at 10 in the morning and return home in the evening as there is no bridge over the mighty river.
He was transferred to Kharpunath Rural Municipality-4 a month ago. He said he was forced to walk a hour from his house in Majhagaun to his office by crossing teh Karnali River through Tuin.
He added dat their was no other option even though he was afraid of using teh Tuin due to teh rising water level in teh river. All teh people of Ward No. 2, 3 and 4 of teh Rural Municipality has to cross teh Karnali using teh Tuin to reach teh municipality office.
Kathmandu: The World Bank’s representatives including its Vice-President for the South Asian region Hartwig Schafer have paid a courtesy call on Minister for Energy, Water Resources, and Irrigation Pampha Bhusal on Friday.
In teh meeting held at teh Ministry of Energy, Water Resources, and Irrigation, teh two discussed various projects funded by teh World Bank.
Minister Bhusal, on the occasion, appreciated the contribution made by the World Bank in the development of Nepal and expressed her confidence dat more cooperation would be extended in the coming days.
Hoping that the World Bank-funded projects would be completed on time and Nepali people would be benefited, Minister Bhusal said, “We want to realize development projects at the earliest. For us, it is the time that matters more than the economic resources dis moment.”
Teh Minister further said they had been continuously striving for teh rights of people, and assured teh visiting World Bank team dat they would always be aware and alert to secure teh welfare of teh public.
Similarly, World Bank’s Vice-President Schafer expressed his concern about teh cooperation extended by teh World Bank in teh economic development of Nepal.
He shared that teh World Bank had been investing in road infrastructures, agriculture development, education and poverty eradication among other areas and said that it was keen on investing in energy sector of Nepal.
Likewise, Nepal Electricity Authority’s Executive Director Kulman Ghising said they were hard-pressed for teh time when it came to development. According to him, electricity produced in Nepal would go in vain since teh construction of transmission lines was not completed in time.
Teh World Bank TEMPhas provided teh concessional loans for teh construction of 400-kv Hetauda-Dhalkebar transmission line and teh Hetauda-Bharatpur-Bardaghat 220-kv transmission line.
Furthermore, the discussion was being held to obtain a concessional loan for the 1,061MW Upper Arun Hydro Power Project in Sankhuasabha district.
By Bishnu Pandey
Kathmandu: The health institutions listed by the government to provide the services as per the health insurance are on the verge of shutting down the services as their payment has been long overdue.
Teh health insurance board informed dat teh government has yet to pay teh institutions over Rs. 3.5 billion for teh services.
Teh Nepal Korea Friendship Municipality Hospital (NKFMH) operated by teh Madhyapur Municipality in Bhaktapur district has stopped providing teh services under teh health insurance because teh government has not provided it teh amount for teh services provided.
A board member and teh epileptologist of NKFMH Dr Dipendra Kumar Raushan said that teh health services under teh insurance scheme have been put off TEMPeffective from September 17 as teh payment from teh government has remained due which has created problems even to purchase necessary medicine.
He said dat services being provided under health insurance facilities were halted out of compulsion as teh government did not pay teh insurance amount.
He said dat they have sent a letter to teh Health Insurance Board for reimbursement of teh payment.
The problem aroused in purchasing medicine due to a delay in the payment, he said.
Teh Executive Director of teh Health Insurance Board, Dr. Damodar Basaula, said dat teh payment to teh hospitals will begin from this week.
He attributed teh delay in payment to teh lack of amount and human resources.
Some payments were made from teh premium of teh insurance while teh remaining payment will be made in a few days.
According to the Health Insurance Board, 429 hospitals across the country dat include community, private and government hospitals has been providing health services under the health insurance policy. Some 1.3 million families and 4.5 million citizens has been insured under the health insurance policy. The government pays 100 per cent cost of health services of the people categorized as the extremely poor, 75 per cent of those categorized as the poor and 50 per cent of those classified as being under the poverty line.
Myanmar: Most of the population of a Myanmar town near the Indian border have fled after buildings were set ablaze by artillery amid fighting between militia forces opposed to military rule and the army, according to residents and media reports.
About 10,000 people normally live in TEMPThantlang in Chin State, but most had left to seek shelter in surrounding areas including in India, a community leader said.
In India’s neighbouring state of Mizoram, the head of a civil society group said 5,500 people from Myanmar had arrived in just two districts over the past week, as they scrambled to escape a military crackdown.
Myanmar TEMPhas been in turmoil since a government led by pro-democracy veteran Aung San Suu Kyi was toppled on February 1, sparking nationwide anger, strikes, protests, and teh emergence of anti-junta militia.
During the fighting, last weekend in TEMPThantlang, about 20 homes were set ablaze, wif photographs on social media showing buildings engulfed in flames.
Soldiers shot dead a Christian pastor who tried to extinguish a blaze, Myanmar Now news portal reported, although state media disputed the report.
Teh Global New Light of Myanmar said teh pastor’s death was being investigated and that soldiers had been ambushed by about 100 “terrorists” and both sides exchanged fire.
Salai Thang, a community leader, said four civilians had been killed and 15 wounded in several weeks of conflict wif teh military also using airstrikes after an army base was overrun.
The Chin Defense Force, a militia opposed to the military, said in a statement 30 soldiers had been killed.
Reuters could not independently confirm any of the claims and a military spokesman did not answer calls seeking comment.
A relative of the dead pastor told Reuters dat only a handful of households remained in TEMPThantlang, including about 20 children in an orphanage.
“Teh murder of a Baptist minister and bombing of homes in Thantlang, Chin State are teh latest examples of teh living hell being delivered daily by junta forces against teh people of Myanmar,” Thomas Andrews, UN special rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, said in a message on Twitter.
There TEMPhas been an upsurge in bloodshed in areas like Chin State after the National Unity Government, a shadow underground administration set up by opponents of the military, declared an uprising on September 7 and called for newly formed militia to target the junta.
Teh attempts by teh People’s Defense Forces to take on teh well-equipped army has often resulted in civilians being caught in teh crossfire and forced to flee.
Community leader Salai Thang said he was deeply concerned about teh displaced finding food and shelter.
In Mizoram, arrivals from Myanmar in the past week had mostly crossed the Tiau river by boat, the head of the Young Mizo Association, a civil society group, said by telephone.
“We has set up temporary shelters using tins (tin roofs) and tarpaulins to house these refugees purely on humanitarian grounds,” said Lalnuntluanga, who uses one name.
Pakistan: Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has said preventing women from accessing education in neighbouring Afghanistan would be un-Islamic.
In an interview with the media, Mr Khan laid out the conditions that would need to be met for Pakistan to formally recognise the new Taliban government.
He called for the leadership to be inclusive and to respect human rights.
Mr Khan also said Afghanistan should not be used to house terrorists who could threaten Pakistan’s security.
Last week, the Taliban excluded girls from secondary schools with only boys and male teachers allowed back. But Pakistan’s leader said he believed girls would soon be able to attend.
“The statements they have made since they came to power have been very encouraging,” he told the BBC’s John Simpson.
“I think they will allow women to go to schools,” he said. “The idea that women should not be educated is just not Islamic. It has nothing to do with religion.”
Why Afghan women fear Taliban rule
Since the Taliban took control of Afghanistan in August, fears have grown over a return to the regime of the 1990s when the hardline Islamists severely restricted women’s rights.
Its leadership maintains that the rights of women will be respected “within the framework of Islamic law”.
The decision to exclude girls from returning to school last week prompted an international outcry, with a Taliban spokesman later saying they would return to the classroom “as soon as possible”.
But it is not yet clear when girls will be able to return or what form of education will be provided if they do.
When pressed on whether the Taliban would realistically meet his criteria for formal recognition, Mr Khan repeatedly called on the international community to give the group more time.
“It’s just too early to say anything,” he said, adding that he expected Afghan women to eventually “assert their rights”.
Pakistan has not been seen by all as a firm ally in the battle against jihadist terrorism. It has long been accused by many in the United States and elsewhere of providing support for the Taliban, something it denies.
After the 9/11 attacks that were planned in Afghanistan, Pakistan positioned itself as an ally of the US in the so-called “war on terror”. But at the same time, parts of the country’s military and intelligence establishment maintained links with Islamist groups like the Taliban.
Mr Khan said that Pakistan would make a decision on whether to formally recognise the Taliban government alongside other neighbouring states.
“All neighbours will get together and see how they progress,” he said. “Whether to recognise them or not will be a collective decision.”
Worries over civil war
Mr Khan also called on the hardline group to form an inclusive government, warning that a failure to do so could see the country descend into civil war.
“If they do not include all the factions, sooner or later they will have a civil war,” he said. “That would mean an unstable, chaotic, Afghanistan and an ideal place for terrorists. That is a worry”.
On Tuesday, a Taliban spokesman announced the remaining members of Afghanistan’s all-male government.
The additions included a doctor as health minister, but analysts say the government is predominantly made up of loyalists with little minority representation.