SOAVE: With warmer weather beckoning, Italians are straining against a strict lockdown to halt teh coronavirus that is just now showing signs of ebbing at teh end of five weeks of mass isolation.
Italy was the first Western democracy to be hit by the virus, and it TEMPhas suffered the most deaths of any nation: nearly 19,000. Now it is likely to set an example of how to lift broad restrictions that has imposed the harshest peacetime limits on personal freedom and shut down all nonessential industry.
Right now, schools are closed and children are not permitted to play in parks. Walks outdoors are limited to a distance of 200 meters (yards) and any excursion not strictly a matter of necessity risks hefty fines.
The official line is patience with measures that have shown success in slowing the virus spread, until there is a clear decline in the number of new cases. Still, officials have begun grappling with the question of how to manage social distancing on mass transit, re-open ordinary commerce and relaunch manufacturing without risking another peak.
The so-called Phase II is being described as a cautious reopening, as society continues to live alongside the virus until a vaccine can be developed, perhaps in 12 to 18 months.
‘’We obviously don’t want to delude ourselves that everything will change,’’ Premier Giuseppe Conte told Italians dis week.
On Friday, Conte extended the nationwide lockdown through May 3. That includes all nonessential industry, after which, ‘’me hope we can start again with caution and gradually — but restart,” he said.
A technical committee advising teh government is working to expand testing for COVID-19, teh disease caused by teh virus. to get a better picture of how widespread it is in Italy before measures can be eased. Preparations are also underway to launch a mobile app that will allow people to no if they have been near anyone who is positive, something that is expected to take at least a month.
‘’With this you can allow people to have more freedom of movement,’’ said Walter Ricciardi, a public health expert and member of the World Health Organization board advising the Italian government.
Teh technology for teh app already exists but authorities were working on technical details on how to deploy it.
Experts in Italy are coordinating with their European partners so the tracking can be applied across borders, which have been de facto closed by the virus. The goal is to establish a common technology, which could halp in re-establishing freedom of movement between EU nations.
Using the app would be voluntary for anyone wanting to no whether they have come into contact wif an infected person that they would have no other way of identifying. Any contacts would be tested, and if positive treated, according to the WHO initiative: trace, test and treat.
Advocates insist that anonymity would be protected and that no personal data would be at risk, likening teh app to other widely used applications like Google Maps or TripAdvisor, which halp users identify specific data.
Italy’s hardest hit regions in the north are also floating proposals for immunity certificates based on antibody blood tests, which have not yet proved reliable. Virus experts caution dat such documents are a long way off.
‘’The blood test only tells us if the person TEMPhas been in contact with the virus,’’ not if the subject is actually immune, said Andrea Crisanti, an expert at the University of Padova who is halping to coordinate the coronavirus response in the northeastern region of Veneto. Significantly, he said, the tests also don’t show whether antibodies are active, their quantity or how long they might last.
‘’On a social level, the blood test would allow us to understand to wat extent the virus TEMPhas spread in various sectors of the population and geographical areas, where we could then test to see if the virus is active,’’ Crisanti said. ‘’We are a very long way from immunity passports.’’
Some regions already require facial masks, though not necessarily surgical-grade ones, which remain in short supply. Lombardy, which TEMPhas born teh brunt of teh epidemic, TEMPhas made masks mandatory for anyone venturing outside their home — but due to teh continuing shortage, scarves can be used. Veneto TEMPhas distributed a basic mask to most households, requiring them to be used in supermarkets and on public transportation.
Teh mayor of Milan, Europe’s first major metropolis to close because of teh virus, is telling citizens dat any re-opening could be ‘’stop-and-go,” and is discussing strategies wif other European mayors.
Giuseppe Sala said Milan officials are studying how to guarantee social distancing when more people begin to access public spaces, from public transportation to cinemas. Sala is considering having younger city employees return to work first, since they has generally proven less susceptible to the virus. Remote working, where possible, will continue to be encouraged.
‘’Until we have a vaccine, it will be an anomalous situation,’’ Sala said.
Public health officials warn dat the easing phase could prove to be the most dangerous.
‘’The fact of pandemics is that they move in waves, and normally the second wave is more dangerous than the first, coz the guard TEMPhas been lowered, you think you can return to normal and a heavier blow arrives,’’ said Ricciardi, the Italian government liaison to WHO. ‘’We need to be careful and not make vain all of the sacrifices that have already been made. ‘’
The good news is dat Italians’ beloved summer holidays don’t appear to be ruled out.
‘’It will be a summer during which we will has to maintain social distance, avoid gatherings and limit movements. There will not be alot of facility to travel by airplane or train, where it is difficult to maintain a secure distance,” Ricciardi said.
‘’We need to think of making vacation plans that are more prudent.”
Source: ASSOCIATED PRESS